BACKGROUND: Persons with Down syndrome (DS) are at increased risk of developing Alzheimer's dementia (DS-AD). Due to heterogeneity in the functioning in persons with DS, it is difficult to use cognitive testing to assess whether a person with DS has developed dementia due to AD. Electroencephalography (EEG) functional connectivity has shown promising results as a diagnostic tool for AD in persons without DS. In the current exploratory study, we investigated whether EEG functional connectivity could be used as a diagnostic marker of AD in persons with DS and the association with symptoms.
METHODS: Electroencephalography from 12 persons with DS and 16 persons with DS-AD were analysed, and both coherence and weighted phase lag index were calculated. In addition, we calculated the average coherence for fronto-parietal and temporo-parietal connections. Lastly, we investigated the correlation between the informant-based Dementia Screening Questionnaire in Intellectual Disability (DSQIID) and total alpha coherence.
RESULTS: Decreased alpha and increased delta coherence and weighted phase lag index were observed in DS-AD as compared with DS. The decrease in alpha coherence was more marked in the fronto-parietal connections as compared with the temporo-parietal connections. No significant correlation was found between DSQIID and total alpha coherence (P value = 0.095, rho = -0.335).
CONCLUSION: The decreased alpha coherence and weighted phase lag index have previously been found in AD. The increased delta coherence and weighted phase lag index may indicate a different initial neurophysiological presentation as compared with patients with AD or may be a sign of more advanced disease. Larger studies are needed to confirm the current findings.
|Journal||Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2021|
- Alzheimer Disease
- Down Syndrome
- Intellectual Disability
- Neuropsychological Tests