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Electroconvulsive therapy, depression severity and mortality: Data from the Danish National Patient Registry

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@article{74ca3d9f42794cf3a3e3a868eea33e67,
title = "Electroconvulsive therapy, depression severity and mortality: Data from the Danish National Patient Registry",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The effects of electroconvulsive therapy are usually estimated from changes in depression scales from studies with relatively small patient samples. Larger patient samples can be achieved from epidemiological registers, which provide information on other social and clinical predictors, results and risks.AIMS: To examine whether depression severity predicts the use of electroconvulsive therapy, risk of re-hospitalization, suicidal behaviour and mortality following electroconvulsive therapy in patients with major depression.METHODS: A cohort of 92,895 patients diagnosed with single or recurrent depression between 2005 and 2016 in the Danish National Patient Registry was followed for electroconvulsive therapy and adverse outcomes. Associations between electroconvulsive therapy and outcomes were analysed using Cox regression.RESULTS: A total of 5004 (5.4%) patients were treated with electroconvulsive therapy. Depression severity was the strongest predictor of electroconvulsive therapy. Electroconvulsive therapy was used more frequently above age 70, in those better educated or married, whereas comorbid alcohol abuse or history of prior stroke at study entry were associated with lower rates. Electroconvulsive therapy was associated with lower mortality. The adjusted hazard ratio for the association between electroconvulsive therapy and suicide in patients with mild depression was 6.99 (3.30-14.43), whereas it was 1.10 (0.55-2.20) in those with severe depression and psychotic symptoms. A similar pattern was seen for emergency contacts and attempted suicide.CONCLUSIONS: Electroconvulsive therapy was associated with lower all-cause mortality and the relative risk for re-hospitalization and attempted and committed suicide was lowest in patients with the most severe depression. Electroconvulsive therapy is an important treatment, with significant public health benefits, for patients with severe depression.",
keywords = "depression severity, ECT, Electroconvulsive therapy, patient registry, psychotic depression",
author = "J{\o}rgensen, {Martin Balslev} and Rozing, {Maarten Pieter} and Kellner, {Charles H} and Merete Osler",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0269881119895518",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "273--279",
journal = "Journal of Psychopharmacology",
issn = "0269-8811",
publisher = "Sage Science Press (UK)",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electroconvulsive therapy, depression severity and mortality

T2 - Data from the Danish National Patient Registry

AU - Jørgensen, Martin Balslev

AU - Rozing, Maarten Pieter

AU - Kellner, Charles H

AU - Osler, Merete

PY - 2020/3/1

Y1 - 2020/3/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: The effects of electroconvulsive therapy are usually estimated from changes in depression scales from studies with relatively small patient samples. Larger patient samples can be achieved from epidemiological registers, which provide information on other social and clinical predictors, results and risks.AIMS: To examine whether depression severity predicts the use of electroconvulsive therapy, risk of re-hospitalization, suicidal behaviour and mortality following electroconvulsive therapy in patients with major depression.METHODS: A cohort of 92,895 patients diagnosed with single or recurrent depression between 2005 and 2016 in the Danish National Patient Registry was followed for electroconvulsive therapy and adverse outcomes. Associations between electroconvulsive therapy and outcomes were analysed using Cox regression.RESULTS: A total of 5004 (5.4%) patients were treated with electroconvulsive therapy. Depression severity was the strongest predictor of electroconvulsive therapy. Electroconvulsive therapy was used more frequently above age 70, in those better educated or married, whereas comorbid alcohol abuse or history of prior stroke at study entry were associated with lower rates. Electroconvulsive therapy was associated with lower mortality. The adjusted hazard ratio for the association between electroconvulsive therapy and suicide in patients with mild depression was 6.99 (3.30-14.43), whereas it was 1.10 (0.55-2.20) in those with severe depression and psychotic symptoms. A similar pattern was seen for emergency contacts and attempted suicide.CONCLUSIONS: Electroconvulsive therapy was associated with lower all-cause mortality and the relative risk for re-hospitalization and attempted and committed suicide was lowest in patients with the most severe depression. Electroconvulsive therapy is an important treatment, with significant public health benefits, for patients with severe depression.

AB - BACKGROUND: The effects of electroconvulsive therapy are usually estimated from changes in depression scales from studies with relatively small patient samples. Larger patient samples can be achieved from epidemiological registers, which provide information on other social and clinical predictors, results and risks.AIMS: To examine whether depression severity predicts the use of electroconvulsive therapy, risk of re-hospitalization, suicidal behaviour and mortality following electroconvulsive therapy in patients with major depression.METHODS: A cohort of 92,895 patients diagnosed with single or recurrent depression between 2005 and 2016 in the Danish National Patient Registry was followed for electroconvulsive therapy and adverse outcomes. Associations between electroconvulsive therapy and outcomes were analysed using Cox regression.RESULTS: A total of 5004 (5.4%) patients were treated with electroconvulsive therapy. Depression severity was the strongest predictor of electroconvulsive therapy. Electroconvulsive therapy was used more frequently above age 70, in those better educated or married, whereas comorbid alcohol abuse or history of prior stroke at study entry were associated with lower rates. Electroconvulsive therapy was associated with lower mortality. The adjusted hazard ratio for the association between electroconvulsive therapy and suicide in patients with mild depression was 6.99 (3.30-14.43), whereas it was 1.10 (0.55-2.20) in those with severe depression and psychotic symptoms. A similar pattern was seen for emergency contacts and attempted suicide.CONCLUSIONS: Electroconvulsive therapy was associated with lower all-cause mortality and the relative risk for re-hospitalization and attempted and committed suicide was lowest in patients with the most severe depression. Electroconvulsive therapy is an important treatment, with significant public health benefits, for patients with severe depression.

KW - depression severity

KW - ECT

KW - Electroconvulsive therapy

KW - patient registry

KW - psychotic depression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85077519257&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0269881119895518

DO - 10.1177/0269881119895518

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31909674

VL - 34

SP - 273

EP - 279

JO - Journal of Psychopharmacology

JF - Journal of Psychopharmacology

SN - 0269-8811

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 59202353