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Elective Nodal Irradiation and Patterns of Failure in Head and Neck Cancer After Primary Radiation Therapy

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@article{2b5dec581ef640979fcc919878d8b0d8,
title = "Elective Nodal Irradiation and Patterns of Failure in Head and Neck Cancer After Primary Radiation Therapy",
abstract = "PURPOSE: The delineation of elective clinical target volumes in head and neck cancer (HNC) is important; however, the extent of lymph node levels necessary to include is debated. A comprehensive analysis of recurrence patterns in a large cohort of patients with HNC was performed, with an emphasis on recurrence in the retropharyngeal region and level IB.METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2005 to 2012, 942 patients with oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal, laryngeal or oral cavity carcinomas were curatively treated with primary radiation therapy. The median follow-up period was 34 months, and 77% of the patients underwent intensity modulated radiation therapy. The retropharyngeal region was only routinely included in cases of involvement of the posterior pharynx wall and level IB only in cases of involvement of the oral cavity. In patients with regional recurrence, the anatomic site of the recurrence was assessed from the surgical descriptions or computed tomography scans and compared with the original radiation treatment plan (available from 2007 onward). The p16 status was available for 282 oropharynx carcinoma cases, with 65% p16-positive.RESULTS: Of the 942 patients, 376 (40%) developed recurrences: 228 (24.2%) local, 123 (13.1%) regional, and 109 (11.6%) distant. In 700 patients with available treatment plans, retropharyngeal and level IB recurrence was observed in 2 and 7 patients, respectively. Eight patients (1.1%) had recurrence in a lymph node level not included in their primary treatment plan. For oropharynx carcinoma, the locoregional control rate (90% vs 70%) but not distant control rate (92% vs 87%), was significantly better in the p16-positive than in the p16-negative patients. Although fewer recurrences developed in the p16-positive group, patients with recurrence of p16-positive tumors were more likely to develop recurrence in distant sites.CONCLUSIONS: Retropharyngeal or level IB recurrence after primary HNC radiation therapy is rare. Thus, inclusion of these regions in the elective treatment volumes should be limited to patients with involvement of the posterior pharyngeal wall or oral cavity.",
keywords = "Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Analysis of Variance, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Humans, Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms, Laryngeal Neoplasms, Lymphatic Irradiation, Male, Middle Aged, Mouth Neoplasms, Neoplasm Proteins, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Oropharyngeal Neoplasms, Pharynx, Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted, Retrospective Studies, Time Factors, Treatment Failure, Journal Article",
author = "Julie Kjems and Gothelf, {Anita B} and Katrin H{\aa}kansson and Lena Specht and Kristensen, {Claus A} and Jeppe Friborg",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2016",
month = mar,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.12.380",
language = "English",
volume = "94",
pages = "775--82",
journal = "International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics",
issn = "0360-3016",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Elective Nodal Irradiation and Patterns of Failure in Head and Neck Cancer After Primary Radiation Therapy

AU - Kjems, Julie

AU - Gothelf, Anita B

AU - Håkansson, Katrin

AU - Specht, Lena

AU - Kristensen, Claus A

AU - Friborg, Jeppe

N1 - Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016/3/15

Y1 - 2016/3/15

N2 - PURPOSE: The delineation of elective clinical target volumes in head and neck cancer (HNC) is important; however, the extent of lymph node levels necessary to include is debated. A comprehensive analysis of recurrence patterns in a large cohort of patients with HNC was performed, with an emphasis on recurrence in the retropharyngeal region and level IB.METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2005 to 2012, 942 patients with oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal, laryngeal or oral cavity carcinomas were curatively treated with primary radiation therapy. The median follow-up period was 34 months, and 77% of the patients underwent intensity modulated radiation therapy. The retropharyngeal region was only routinely included in cases of involvement of the posterior pharynx wall and level IB only in cases of involvement of the oral cavity. In patients with regional recurrence, the anatomic site of the recurrence was assessed from the surgical descriptions or computed tomography scans and compared with the original radiation treatment plan (available from 2007 onward). The p16 status was available for 282 oropharynx carcinoma cases, with 65% p16-positive.RESULTS: Of the 942 patients, 376 (40%) developed recurrences: 228 (24.2%) local, 123 (13.1%) regional, and 109 (11.6%) distant. In 700 patients with available treatment plans, retropharyngeal and level IB recurrence was observed in 2 and 7 patients, respectively. Eight patients (1.1%) had recurrence in a lymph node level not included in their primary treatment plan. For oropharynx carcinoma, the locoregional control rate (90% vs 70%) but not distant control rate (92% vs 87%), was significantly better in the p16-positive than in the p16-negative patients. Although fewer recurrences developed in the p16-positive group, patients with recurrence of p16-positive tumors were more likely to develop recurrence in distant sites.CONCLUSIONS: Retropharyngeal or level IB recurrence after primary HNC radiation therapy is rare. Thus, inclusion of these regions in the elective treatment volumes should be limited to patients with involvement of the posterior pharyngeal wall or oral cavity.

AB - PURPOSE: The delineation of elective clinical target volumes in head and neck cancer (HNC) is important; however, the extent of lymph node levels necessary to include is debated. A comprehensive analysis of recurrence patterns in a large cohort of patients with HNC was performed, with an emphasis on recurrence in the retropharyngeal region and level IB.METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2005 to 2012, 942 patients with oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal, laryngeal or oral cavity carcinomas were curatively treated with primary radiation therapy. The median follow-up period was 34 months, and 77% of the patients underwent intensity modulated radiation therapy. The retropharyngeal region was only routinely included in cases of involvement of the posterior pharynx wall and level IB only in cases of involvement of the oral cavity. In patients with regional recurrence, the anatomic site of the recurrence was assessed from the surgical descriptions or computed tomography scans and compared with the original radiation treatment plan (available from 2007 onward). The p16 status was available for 282 oropharynx carcinoma cases, with 65% p16-positive.RESULTS: Of the 942 patients, 376 (40%) developed recurrences: 228 (24.2%) local, 123 (13.1%) regional, and 109 (11.6%) distant. In 700 patients with available treatment plans, retropharyngeal and level IB recurrence was observed in 2 and 7 patients, respectively. Eight patients (1.1%) had recurrence in a lymph node level not included in their primary treatment plan. For oropharynx carcinoma, the locoregional control rate (90% vs 70%) but not distant control rate (92% vs 87%), was significantly better in the p16-positive than in the p16-negative patients. Although fewer recurrences developed in the p16-positive group, patients with recurrence of p16-positive tumors were more likely to develop recurrence in distant sites.CONCLUSIONS: Retropharyngeal or level IB recurrence after primary HNC radiation therapy is rare. Thus, inclusion of these regions in the elective treatment volumes should be limited to patients with involvement of the posterior pharyngeal wall or oral cavity.

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Female

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Head and Neck Neoplasms

KW - Humans

KW - Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms

KW - Laryngeal Neoplasms

KW - Lymphatic Irradiation

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Mouth Neoplasms

KW - Neoplasm Proteins

KW - Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

KW - Oropharyngeal Neoplasms

KW - Pharynx

KW - Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted

KW - Retrospective Studies

KW - Time Factors

KW - Treatment Failure

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.12.380

DO - 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.12.380

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26972650

VL - 94

SP - 775

EP - 782

JO - International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

JF - International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

SN - 0360-3016

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 49669638