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Effects of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A 12-Month Follow-Up Study with Paired Liver Biopsies

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Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves, and can sometimes resolve, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) but data based on histological assessment for the efficacy of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in resolving NAFLD are sparse. Consequently, we aimed to compare the efficacy of RYGB vs. SG on NAFLD 12 months after surgery. In a prospective cohort study, 40 patients with obesity underwent bariatric surgery (16 RYGB and 24 SG). During surgery, a liver biopsy was taken and repeated 12 months later. NAFLD severity was evaluated using the NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) and Kleiner Fibrosis score. RYGB and SG patients were comparable at baseline. Mean (standard deviation, SD) NAS was 3.3 (0.9) in RYGB and 3.1 (1.4) in SG (p = 0.560) with similar degrees of steatosis, inflammation, and ballooning. Two RYGB patients, and six SG patients, had NASH (p = 0.439). Twelve months after surgery, NAS was significantly and comparably (p = 0.241) reduced in both RYGB (-3.00 (95% CI -3.79--2.21), p < 0.001) and SG (-2.25 (95% CI -2.92--1.59), p < 0.001) patients. RYGB patients had significantly more reduced (p = 0.007) liver steatosis (-0.91 (95% CI -1.47--1.2) than SG patients (-0.33 (95% CI -0.54--0.13) and greater improvement in the plasma lipid profile. Fibrosis declined non-significantly. NASH was resolved in seven of eight patients without a worsening of their fibrosis. RYGB and SG have similar beneficial effects on NAS and NASH without the worsening of fibrosis. RYGB is associated with a more pronounced reduction in liver steatosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3783
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number17
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
ISSN2077-0383
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

    Research areas

  • Bariatric surgery, Liver histology, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, Sleeve gastrectomy

ID: 67611155