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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital

Effects of progressive resistance training prior to total HIP arthroplasty - a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate 1-year postoperative effect of preoperative resistance training (RT) in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) on patient-reported outcomes on activity and function and objective outcomes on muscle strength and physical performance.

DESIGN: A 3-12 months follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Patients scheduled for THA were randomized into: RT-group, twice a week for 10 weeks prior to THA, or 'care-as-usual' (CG). Primary endpoint of this sequel analysis is HOOS-ADL at 12 months follow-up. Secondary outcome measures are; other HOOS subscales, knee- and hip muscle strength plus function (gait, ascending/descending stairs, and sit-to-stand) at three and/or 12 months. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV: NCT01164111.

RESULTS: Eighty patients (70% women, 70.4 ± 7.6 years, BMI of 27.8 ± 4.6) were randomized to RT (n = 40) or CG (n = 40); data from 85% were available at 12 months. No superior effects were observed at 12 months for HOOS ADL (between-group change score [95%CI]) (2.6 [-4.2; 9.8], P = 0.44) or remaining subscales. However, ascending (1.3 s [0.3; 2.3], P = 0.01)) and descending stairs (1.6 s [0.3; 2.9], P = 0.01) demonstrated additional effects. At 3 months clinically relevant change-scores in favour of RT was observed on HOOS-Sport/Rec (10.5 points [1.4; 19.6], P = 0.023), together with higher knee strength of the affected side (14.6 Nm [6.3; 22.9], P < 0.001), and selected outcomes of physical function.

CONCLUSIONS: At 12 months after surgery, there was no additional effect of preoperative RT compared with THA alone, but rehabilitation was accelerated at 3 months.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1038-1045
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

ID: 62412002