Effects of different doses of exercise in adjunct to diet-induced weight loss on the AGE-RAGE axis in patients with short standing type 2 diabetes: Secondary analysis of the DOSE-EX multi-arm, parallel-group, randomised trial

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: These secondary analyses aimed to investigate the effects of different volumes of exercise in adjunct to diet-induced weight loss and standard care on advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and receptor for AGE (RAGE). We hypothesized that exercise in adjunct to a diet-induced weight loss would dose-dependently increase the soluble decoy receptor for AGE (sRAGE) more than diet-induced weight loss and standard care alone. Secondarily, we expected changes in sRAGE to be associated with improved glycaemic control and inversely associated with low-grade inflammation.

METHODS: The DOSE-EX study was a 16-week parallel-group, 4-arm, single-centre, assessor-blinded, randomised, controlled trial (NCT03769883). We included persons living with T2D, duration ≤7 years, BMI >27 kg/m2 and <40 kg/m2, without severe diabetic complications. Participants were randomised (1:1:1:1) to either 1) standard care as control (CON), 2) standard care + diet (DCON), 3) standard care + diet + moderate exercise dose (MED) or 4) standard care + diet + high exercise dose (HED). Standard care included algorithm-guided pharmacological treatment. The diet intervention aimed at 25% reduced energy intake. The supervised exercise sessions included two aerobic sessions + one combined (aerobic and resistance training) session per week for the MED group, and four aerobic sessions + two combined sessions per week for the HED group. Primary outcome was the change in sRAGE from baseline to 16-week follow-up. Secondary outcomes encompassed changes in advanced glycation endproducts (AGE), glycaemic control and markers of low-grade inflammation.

RESULTS: A total of 80 participants (CON: n = 20, DCON: n = 19, MED: n = 20, HED: n = 21) were included in this secondary analysis. The mean age was 58.3 years (SD 9.9), 53% males, and median T2D duration was 4.1 years (IQR 2.0-5.5). No change in sRAGE was observed in any of the groups from baseline to follow-up (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: A 16-week intervention with either three or six exercise sessions per week in adjunct to diet-induced weight loss did not change the levels of sRAGE in persons living with well-regulated, short standing T2D.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFree Radical Biology & Medicine
Volume208
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
ISSN0891-5849
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

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