Effects of avoidance versus use of neuromuscular blocking agents for facilitation of tracheal intubation in children and infants

Michelle Icka Christensen*, Matias Vested, Andreas Creutzburg, Anders Kehlet Nørskov, Lars Hyldborg Lundstrøm, Arash Afshari

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The European Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care recommends the use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) in adults, to facilitate tracheal intubation and reduce its associated complications. Children who undergo tracheal intubation may suffer some of the same complications, however, no consensus exists regarding the use of NMBA for tracheal intubation in the pediatric population. We will explore the existing evidence assessing the effects of avoidance versus the use of NMBA for the facilitation of tracheal intubation in children and infants.

METHODS: This protocol follows the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses protocols recommendations. We will include all randomized controlled clinical trials assessing the effects of avoidance versus the use of NMBA for facilitation of tracheal intubation (oral or nasal) using direct laryngoscopy or video laryngoscopy in pediatric participants (<18 years). Our primary outcome is incidence of difficult tracheal intubation. Secondary outcomes include incidence of serious adverse events, failed intubation, events of upper airway discomfort or injury, and difficult laryngoscopy. We will conduct a thorough database search to identify relevant trials, including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS, Web of Science, CINAHL, and trial registries. Two review authors will independently handle the screening of literature and data extraction. Each trial will be evaluated for major sources of bias with the "classic risk of bias tool" used in the Cochrane Collaboration tool from 2011. We will use Review manager (RevMan) or R with the meta package to perform the meta-analysis. We will perform a trial sequential analysis on the meta-analysis of our primary outcome, providing an estimate of statistical reliability. Two review authors will independently assess the quality of the body of evidence using the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) approach. We will use GRADEpro software to conduct the GRADE assessments and to create "Summary of the findings" tables.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
ISSN0001-5172
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Apr 2024

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