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Effects of Antibiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Mice

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Harvard

Hertz, FB, Budding, AE, van der Lugt-Degen, M, Savelkoul, PH, Løbner-Olesen, A & Frimodt-Møller, N 2020, 'Effects of Antibiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Mice' Antibiotics, vol. 9, no. 4, 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9040191

APA

Hertz, F. B., Budding, A. E., van der Lugt-Degen, M., Savelkoul, P. H., Løbner-Olesen, A., & Frimodt-Møller, N. (2020). Effects of Antibiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Mice. Antibiotics, 9(4), [191]. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9040191

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Hertz FB, Budding AE, van der Lugt-Degen M, Savelkoul PH, Løbner-Olesen A, Frimodt-Møller N. Effects of Antibiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Mice. Antibiotics. 2020 Apr 17;9(4). 191. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9040191

Author

Hertz, Frederik Boetius ; Budding, Andries E ; van der Lugt-Degen, Malieka ; Savelkoul, Paul H ; Løbner-Olesen, Anders ; Frimodt-Møller, Niels. / Effects of Antibiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Mice. In: Antibiotics. 2020 ; Vol. 9, No. 4.

Bibtex

@article{c3e3d1587de24b5dabaa52f78299d6d1,
title = "Effects of Antibiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Mice",
abstract = "Studies on human and mouse gastrointestinal microbiota have correlated the composition of the microbiota to a variety of diseases, as well as proved it vital to prevent colonization with resistant bacteria, a phenomenon known as colonization resistance. Antibiotics dramatically modify the gut community and there are examples of how antibiotic usage lead to colonization with resistant bacteria [e.g., dicloxacillin usage selecting for ESBL-producing E. coli carriage], as shown by Hertz et al. Here, we investigated the impact of five antibiotics [cefotaxime, cefuroxime, dicloxacillin, clindamycin, and ciprofloxacin] on the intestinal microbiota in mice. Five different antibiotics were each given to groups of five mice. The intestinal microbiotas were profiled by use of the IS-pro analysis; a 16S-23S rDNA interspace [IS]-region-based profiling method. For the mice receiving dicloxacillin and clindamycin, we observed dramatic shifts in dominating phyla from day 1 to day 5. Of note, diversity increased, but overall bacterial load decreased. For ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, and cefuroxime there were few overall changes. We speculate that antibiotics with efficacy against the abundant anaerobes in the gut, particularly Bacteroidetes, can in fact be selected for resistant bacteria, disregarding the spectrum of activity.",
keywords = "16S, Antibiotics, Dicloxacillin, Intestinal microbiota, IS-pro",
author = "Hertz, {Frederik Boetius} and Budding, {Andries E} and {van der Lugt-Degen}, Malieka and Savelkoul, {Paul H} and Anders L{\o}bner-Olesen and Niels Frimodt-M{\o}ller",
year = "2020",
month = "4",
day = "17",
doi = "10.3390/antibiotics9040191",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Antibiotics",
issn = "2079-6382",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of Antibiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Mice

AU - Hertz, Frederik Boetius

AU - Budding, Andries E

AU - van der Lugt-Degen, Malieka

AU - Savelkoul, Paul H

AU - Løbner-Olesen, Anders

AU - Frimodt-Møller, Niels

PY - 2020/4/17

Y1 - 2020/4/17

N2 - Studies on human and mouse gastrointestinal microbiota have correlated the composition of the microbiota to a variety of diseases, as well as proved it vital to prevent colonization with resistant bacteria, a phenomenon known as colonization resistance. Antibiotics dramatically modify the gut community and there are examples of how antibiotic usage lead to colonization with resistant bacteria [e.g., dicloxacillin usage selecting for ESBL-producing E. coli carriage], as shown by Hertz et al. Here, we investigated the impact of five antibiotics [cefotaxime, cefuroxime, dicloxacillin, clindamycin, and ciprofloxacin] on the intestinal microbiota in mice. Five different antibiotics were each given to groups of five mice. The intestinal microbiotas were profiled by use of the IS-pro analysis; a 16S-23S rDNA interspace [IS]-region-based profiling method. For the mice receiving dicloxacillin and clindamycin, we observed dramatic shifts in dominating phyla from day 1 to day 5. Of note, diversity increased, but overall bacterial load decreased. For ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, and cefuroxime there were few overall changes. We speculate that antibiotics with efficacy against the abundant anaerobes in the gut, particularly Bacteroidetes, can in fact be selected for resistant bacteria, disregarding the spectrum of activity.

AB - Studies on human and mouse gastrointestinal microbiota have correlated the composition of the microbiota to a variety of diseases, as well as proved it vital to prevent colonization with resistant bacteria, a phenomenon known as colonization resistance. Antibiotics dramatically modify the gut community and there are examples of how antibiotic usage lead to colonization with resistant bacteria [e.g., dicloxacillin usage selecting for ESBL-producing E. coli carriage], as shown by Hertz et al. Here, we investigated the impact of five antibiotics [cefotaxime, cefuroxime, dicloxacillin, clindamycin, and ciprofloxacin] on the intestinal microbiota in mice. Five different antibiotics were each given to groups of five mice. The intestinal microbiotas were profiled by use of the IS-pro analysis; a 16S-23S rDNA interspace [IS]-region-based profiling method. For the mice receiving dicloxacillin and clindamycin, we observed dramatic shifts in dominating phyla from day 1 to day 5. Of note, diversity increased, but overall bacterial load decreased. For ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, and cefuroxime there were few overall changes. We speculate that antibiotics with efficacy against the abundant anaerobes in the gut, particularly Bacteroidetes, can in fact be selected for resistant bacteria, disregarding the spectrum of activity.

KW - 16S

KW - Antibiotics

KW - Dicloxacillin

KW - Intestinal microbiota

KW - IS-pro

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85083718585&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/antibiotics9040191

DO - 10.3390/antibiotics9040191

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

JO - Antibiotics

JF - Antibiotics

SN - 2079-6382

IS - 4

M1 - 191

ER -

ID: 59741528