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Effects of 12 Weeks of Progressive Early Active Exercise Therapy After Surgical Rotator Cuff Repair: 12 Weeks and 1-Year Results From the CUT-N-MOVE Randomized Controlled Trial

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@article{172755ba1ff54d32914dff1825db682e,
title = "Effects of 12 Weeks of Progressive Early Active Exercise Therapy After Surgical Rotator Cuff Repair: 12 Weeks and 1-Year Results From the CUT-N-MOVE Randomized Controlled Trial",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears are typically managed surgically, followed by rehabilitation, but the load progression to reach an optimal clinical outcome during postoperative rehabilitation is unknown.PURPOSE: To evaluate whether there was a superior effect of 12 weeks of progressive active exercise therapy on shoulder function, pain, and quality of life compared with usual care.STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1.METHODS: Patients with surgically repaired traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears were recruited from 2 orthopaedic departments and randomized to progressive active exercise therapy (PR) or limited passive exercise therapy (UC [usual care]). The primary outcome was the change in the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) score between groups from before surgery to 12 weeks after surgery. Secondary outcomes included changes in the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire score, pain, range of motion, and strength. Adverse events were registered during the intervention period.RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were randomized to the PR (n = 41) or UC (n = 41) group. All 82 patients (100%) participated in the 12-week assessment and 79 in the 1-year follow-up. At 12 weeks, there was no significant difference between the groups in the change in the WORC score from baseline adjusted for age, sex, and center (physical symptoms: P = .834; sports and recreation: P = .723; work: P = .541; lifestyle: P = .508; emotions: P = .568). Additionally, there was no between-group difference for the secondary outcomes including the WORC score at 1 year and the DASH score, pain, range of motion, and strength at 12 weeks and 1 year. Both groups showed significant improvements over time in all outcomes. In total, there were 13 retears (16%) at 1-year follow-up: 6 in the PR group and 7 in the UC group. CONCLUSION: PR did not result in superior patient-reported and objective outcomes compared with UC at either short- or long-term follow-up (12 weeks and 1 year).REGISTRATION: NCT02969135 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier).",
keywords = "exercise therapy, postoperative rehabilitation, randomized controlled trial, shoulder surgery, traumatic rotator cuff tear",
author = "Kj{\ae}r, {Birgitte Hougs} and Magnusson, {S Peter} and Marius Henriksen and Susan Warming and Eleanor Boyle and Krogsgaard, {Michael Rindom} and Ali Al-Hamdani and Birgit Juul-Kristensen",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1177/0363546520983823",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "321--331",
journal = "American Journal of Sports Medicine",
issn = "0363-5465",
publisher = "Sage Science Press (US)",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of 12 Weeks of Progressive Early Active Exercise Therapy After Surgical Rotator Cuff Repair

T2 - 12 Weeks and 1-Year Results From the CUT-N-MOVE Randomized Controlled Trial

AU - Kjær, Birgitte Hougs

AU - Magnusson, S Peter

AU - Henriksen, Marius

AU - Warming, Susan

AU - Boyle, Eleanor

AU - Krogsgaard, Michael Rindom

AU - Al-Hamdani, Ali

AU - Juul-Kristensen, Birgit

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears are typically managed surgically, followed by rehabilitation, but the load progression to reach an optimal clinical outcome during postoperative rehabilitation is unknown.PURPOSE: To evaluate whether there was a superior effect of 12 weeks of progressive active exercise therapy on shoulder function, pain, and quality of life compared with usual care.STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1.METHODS: Patients with surgically repaired traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears were recruited from 2 orthopaedic departments and randomized to progressive active exercise therapy (PR) or limited passive exercise therapy (UC [usual care]). The primary outcome was the change in the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) score between groups from before surgery to 12 weeks after surgery. Secondary outcomes included changes in the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire score, pain, range of motion, and strength. Adverse events were registered during the intervention period.RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were randomized to the PR (n = 41) or UC (n = 41) group. All 82 patients (100%) participated in the 12-week assessment and 79 in the 1-year follow-up. At 12 weeks, there was no significant difference between the groups in the change in the WORC score from baseline adjusted for age, sex, and center (physical symptoms: P = .834; sports and recreation: P = .723; work: P = .541; lifestyle: P = .508; emotions: P = .568). Additionally, there was no between-group difference for the secondary outcomes including the WORC score at 1 year and the DASH score, pain, range of motion, and strength at 12 weeks and 1 year. Both groups showed significant improvements over time in all outcomes. In total, there were 13 retears (16%) at 1-year follow-up: 6 in the PR group and 7 in the UC group. CONCLUSION: PR did not result in superior patient-reported and objective outcomes compared with UC at either short- or long-term follow-up (12 weeks and 1 year).REGISTRATION: NCT02969135 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier).

AB - BACKGROUND: Traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears are typically managed surgically, followed by rehabilitation, but the load progression to reach an optimal clinical outcome during postoperative rehabilitation is unknown.PURPOSE: To evaluate whether there was a superior effect of 12 weeks of progressive active exercise therapy on shoulder function, pain, and quality of life compared with usual care.STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1.METHODS: Patients with surgically repaired traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears were recruited from 2 orthopaedic departments and randomized to progressive active exercise therapy (PR) or limited passive exercise therapy (UC [usual care]). The primary outcome was the change in the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) score between groups from before surgery to 12 weeks after surgery. Secondary outcomes included changes in the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire score, pain, range of motion, and strength. Adverse events were registered during the intervention period.RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were randomized to the PR (n = 41) or UC (n = 41) group. All 82 patients (100%) participated in the 12-week assessment and 79 in the 1-year follow-up. At 12 weeks, there was no significant difference between the groups in the change in the WORC score from baseline adjusted for age, sex, and center (physical symptoms: P = .834; sports and recreation: P = .723; work: P = .541; lifestyle: P = .508; emotions: P = .568). Additionally, there was no between-group difference for the secondary outcomes including the WORC score at 1 year and the DASH score, pain, range of motion, and strength at 12 weeks and 1 year. Both groups showed significant improvements over time in all outcomes. In total, there were 13 retears (16%) at 1-year follow-up: 6 in the PR group and 7 in the UC group. CONCLUSION: PR did not result in superior patient-reported and objective outcomes compared with UC at either short- or long-term follow-up (12 weeks and 1 year).REGISTRATION: NCT02969135 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier).

KW - exercise therapy

KW - postoperative rehabilitation

KW - randomized controlled trial

KW - shoulder surgery

KW - traumatic rotator cuff tear

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85099941945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0363546520983823

DO - 10.1177/0363546520983823

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33471547

VL - 49

SP - 321

EP - 331

JO - American Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - American Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0363-5465

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 61854210