Effect of single versus multiple prophylactic antibiotic doses on prosthetic joint infections following primary total hip arthroplasty in patients with osteoarthritis at public and private hospitals in Denmark: protocol for a nationwide cross-over, cluster randomised, non-inferiority trial [The Pro-Hip-Quality Trial]

Armita Armina Abedi*, Claus Varnum, Alma Becic Pedersen, Kirill Gromov, Jesper Hallas, Pernille Iversen, Thomas Jakobsen, Espen Jimenez-Solem, Kristian Kidholm, Anne Kjerulf, Jeppe Lange, Anders Odgaard, Flemming S Rosenvinge, Søren Solgaard, Kim Sperling, Marc Stegger, Robin Christensen, Søren Overgaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A feared complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is prosthetic joint infection (PJI), associated with high morbidity and mortality. Prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the risk of PJI. However, there is no consensus on the dosages and current recommendations are based on a low evidence level. The objective is to compare the effect of a single versus multiple doses of prophylactic antibiotics administered within 24 hours on PJI.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study is designed as a cross-over, cluster randomised, non-inferiority trial. All clinical centres use both antibiotic practices (1 year of each intervention). All Danish orthopaedic surgery departments will be involved: Based on quality databases, 2-year cohorts of approximately 20 000 primary THAs conducted at 39 public and private hospitals, will be included.

INCLUSION CRITERIA: age ≥18 years, all indications for THA except patients operated due to acute or sequelae from proximal femoral or pelvic fractures or bone tumour or metastasis. The primary outcome is PJI within 90 days after primary THA. Secondary outcomes include (1) serious adverse events, (2) potential PJI, (3) length of hospitalisation stay, (4) cardiovascular events, (5) hospital-treated infections, (6) community-based antibiotic use, (7) opioid use and (8) use of acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. All outcome measures will be extracted from national databases. Analyses will be based on the intention-to-treat population. Non-inferiority will be shown if the upper limit of the two-sided 95% CI for the OR is less than 1.32 for the single dose as compared with multiple doses. The results will establish best practice on antibiotic prophylaxis dosages in the future.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study has been approved by Committees on Health Research Ethics for The Capital Region of Denmark (21069108) and The Danish Medicines Agency (2021091723). All results will be presented in peer-reviewed medical journals and international conferences.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05530551.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere071487
JournalBMJ Paediatrics Open
Volume13
Issue number8
ISSN2399-9772
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2023

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