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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Effect of low energy diet for eight weeks to adults with overweight or obesity on folate, retinol, vitamin B12, D and E status and the degree of inflammation: a post hoc analysis of a randomized intervention trial

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  • Nina Rica Wium Geiker
  • Mette Veller
  • Louise Kjoelbaek
  • Jette Jakobsen
  • Christian Bitz
  • Anne Raben
  • Arne Astrup
  • Janne Kunchel Lorenzen
  • Lesli H. Larsen
  • Susanne Bügel
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Background Obesity is associated with vitamin insufficiency and low grade inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of weight loss on folate, retinol, vitamin B12, D and E status and the degree of inflammation. Methods Out of 110, 85 individuals (75% women) aged 39 ± 11 years with a mean ± SD BMI of 33 ± 4 kg/m2, completed an eight-week low energy diet (LED). Serum concentration of folate, retinol, B12, D and E and C-reactive protein and homocysteine (Hcy) were measured at baseline and at end of the LED. Results At baseline, 8% of the participants were deficient in folate, 13% in vitamin B12, 2% in retinol, 28% in vitamin D (72% were insufficient in vitamin D), and none were deficient in vitamin E. At baseline, BMI was inversely associated with retinol (P < 0.05) as was total and abdominal fat percentage with folate (P < 0.05); further BMI and measures of adiposity were positively associated with CRP (P < 0.01) and Hcy (P < 0.05). Homocysteine was inversely associated with all vitamins but retinol (P < 0.001). After the LED, the participants lost a mean [95% confidence intervals] of 12.3 [− 13.1,-11.6] kg. The serum concentration of folate, vitamin B12 and D were increased (P < 0.001) after the LED whereas the concentration of retinol and vitamin E were reduced (P < 0.001). Conclusion Eight-weeks LED resulted in 13% weight loss and an increase in the serum concentrations of folate, vitamin B12 and D. Baseline adiposity was inversely associated with folate and retinol, and positively associated with markers of inflammation. Trial registration: Ethical Committee of Copenhagen as no. H-4-2013-135, NCT01561131.
Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalJournal of Nutrition and Metabolism
VolumeVol 15 (1):24
Number of pages9
ISSN1743-7075
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2018

    Research areas

  • Health Sciences - Vitamin status, LED, Homocysteine, C-reactive protein, Fat percentage, Vitamin a

ID: 56085218