OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of standard care (SoC) combined with supervised in-bed cycling (Bed-Cycle) or booklet exercises (Book-Exe) versus SoC in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, 186 patients with CAP were assigned to SoC (n = 62), Bed-Cycle (n = 61), or Book-Exe (n = 63). Primary outcome length of stay (LOS) was analysed with analysis of covariance. Secondary outcomes, 90-day readmission and 180-day mortality, were analysed with Cox proportional hazard regression and readmission days with negative-binominal regression.

RESULTS: LOS was -2% (95% CI -24 to 25%) and -1% (95% CI -22 to 27%) for Bed-Cycle and Book-Exe, compared to SoC. 90-day readmission was 35.6% for SoC, 27.6% for Bed-Cycle, and 21.3% for Book-Exe. Adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for 90-day readmission was 0.63 (95% CI 0.33-1.21) and 0.54 (95% CI 0.27-1.08) for Bed-Cycle and Book-Exe compared to SoC. aHR for 90-day readmission for combined exercise was 0.59 (95% CI 0.33-1.03) compared to SoC. aHR for 180-day mortality was 0.84 (95% CI 0.27-2.60) and 0.82 (95% CI 0.26-2.55) for Bed-Cycle and Book-Exe compared to SoC. Number of readmission days was 226 for SoC, 161 for Bed-Cycle, and 179 for Book-Exe. Incidence rate ratio for readmission days was 0.73 (95% CI 0.48-1.10) and 0.77 (95% CI 0.51-1.15) for Bed-Cycle and Book-Exe compared to SoC.

CONCLUSION: Although supervised exercise training during admission with CAP did not reduce LOS or mortality, this trial suggests its potential to reduce readmission risk and number of readmission days.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Mar 2024


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