BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) carries a high postoperative mortality. In this preplanned, subgroup analysis of the randomized DEX-2-TKA Trial, we investigated the effect of dexamethasone versus placebo on the concentration of cardiac troponin I and T (TnI and TnT) on the first postoperative morning after total knee arthroplasty. In addition, frequency of MINS, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiovascular events where evaluated.
METHODS: We included 290 patients who received either 24 mg of dexamethasone intravenously (given perioperatively) or placebo. Blood samples were analyzed as either TnI or T depending on trial site.
RESULTS: A total of 236 samples were eligible for analysis of TnI and 38 samples for TnT on the first postoperative morning. The median (IQR) TnI concentration was 4.6 ng/L (0-7.2 ng/L) in the dexamethasone group and 4.5ng/l (0-7.0 ng/L) in the placebo group (P = .96) on the first postoperative morning. The median TnT was 9 ng/L (6-11 ng/L) in the dexamethasone group and 8 ng/L (5-10 ng/L) in the placebo group (P = .68). The frequencies of MINS, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiovascular events were similar in the compared groups, but these analyses were underpowered.
CONCLUSION: We found no effect of dexamethasone on postoperative concentration of troponin I or T on the first postoperative morning after total knee arthroplasty.
- Knee replacement
- Troponin I
- Troponin T
- Myocardial Infarction/etiology
- Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects
- Dexamethasone/therapeutic use
- Heart Injuries