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Effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma in adults - A systematic review and meta-analysis

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@article{0c5359531c0e419a8584aadddf965bad,
title = "Effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma in adults - A systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma.DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO-ID: CRD42019130156) METHODS: Eligibility criteria: Randomised controlled trials investigating the effect of at least 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training on outcomes for asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma. Information sources: Medline, EMBase, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to 3 April 2019. Risk of bias: Risk of bias was assessed by the {"}Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool{"}.RESULTS: Included studies: We included 11 studies with a total of 543 adults with asthma. Participants' mean age was 36.5 years (range: 22 to 54 years); 74.8{\%} of participants were women and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.6 kg·m-2 (range: 23.2 to 38.1 kg·m-2). Interventions had a median duration of 12 weeks (range: 8 to 12 weeks) and included walking, jogging, spinning, treadmill running and other unspecified exercise training programmes. Synthesis of results: Exercise training improved asthma control with a standard mean difference (SMD) of -0.48 (-0.81 to -0.16). Lung function slightly increased with an SMD of -0.36 (-0.72 to 0.00) in favour of exercise training. Exercise training had no apparent effect on markers of airway inflammation [SMD: -0.03 (-0.41 to 0.36)].CONCLUSIONS: In adults with asthma, aerobic exercise training has potential to improve asthma control and lung function but not airway inflammation.",
author = "Hansen, {Erik Soeren Halvard} and Anders Pitzner-Fabricius and Toennesen, {Louise Lindhardt} and Rasmusen, {Hanne Kruuse} and Morten Hostrup and Ylva Hellsten and Vibeke Backer and Marius Henriksen",
note = "Copyright {\circledC}ERS 2020.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1183/13993003.00146-2020",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
journal = "European Respiratory Journal. Supplement",
issn = "0904-1850",
publisher = "European Respiratory Society",
number = "56",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma in adults - A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Hansen, Erik Soeren Halvard

AU - Pitzner-Fabricius, Anders

AU - Toennesen, Louise Lindhardt

AU - Rasmusen, Hanne Kruuse

AU - Hostrup, Morten

AU - Hellsten, Ylva

AU - Backer, Vibeke

AU - Henriksen, Marius

N1 - Copyright ©ERS 2020.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma.DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO-ID: CRD42019130156) METHODS: Eligibility criteria: Randomised controlled trials investigating the effect of at least 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training on outcomes for asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma. Information sources: Medline, EMBase, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to 3 April 2019. Risk of bias: Risk of bias was assessed by the "Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool".RESULTS: Included studies: We included 11 studies with a total of 543 adults with asthma. Participants' mean age was 36.5 years (range: 22 to 54 years); 74.8% of participants were women and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.6 kg·m-2 (range: 23.2 to 38.1 kg·m-2). Interventions had a median duration of 12 weeks (range: 8 to 12 weeks) and included walking, jogging, spinning, treadmill running and other unspecified exercise training programmes. Synthesis of results: Exercise training improved asthma control with a standard mean difference (SMD) of -0.48 (-0.81 to -0.16). Lung function slightly increased with an SMD of -0.36 (-0.72 to 0.00) in favour of exercise training. Exercise training had no apparent effect on markers of airway inflammation [SMD: -0.03 (-0.41 to 0.36)].CONCLUSIONS: In adults with asthma, aerobic exercise training has potential to improve asthma control and lung function but not airway inflammation.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma.DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO-ID: CRD42019130156) METHODS: Eligibility criteria: Randomised controlled trials investigating the effect of at least 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training on outcomes for asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma. Information sources: Medline, EMBase, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to 3 April 2019. Risk of bias: Risk of bias was assessed by the "Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool".RESULTS: Included studies: We included 11 studies with a total of 543 adults with asthma. Participants' mean age was 36.5 years (range: 22 to 54 years); 74.8% of participants were women and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.6 kg·m-2 (range: 23.2 to 38.1 kg·m-2). Interventions had a median duration of 12 weeks (range: 8 to 12 weeks) and included walking, jogging, spinning, treadmill running and other unspecified exercise training programmes. Synthesis of results: Exercise training improved asthma control with a standard mean difference (SMD) of -0.48 (-0.81 to -0.16). Lung function slightly increased with an SMD of -0.36 (-0.72 to 0.00) in favour of exercise training. Exercise training had no apparent effect on markers of airway inflammation [SMD: -0.03 (-0.41 to 0.36)].CONCLUSIONS: In adults with asthma, aerobic exercise training has potential to improve asthma control and lung function but not airway inflammation.

U2 - 10.1183/13993003.00146-2020

DO - 10.1183/13993003.00146-2020

M3 - Journal article

VL - 30

JO - European Respiratory Journal. Supplement

JF - European Respiratory Journal. Supplement

SN - 0904-1850

IS - 56

ER -

ID: 59777386