Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma in adults - A systematic review and meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. World No Tobacco Day: smoking, nicotine and children

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialResearchpeer-review

  1. Chronic rhinosinusitis in COPD: A prevalent but unrecognized comorbidity impacting health related quality of life

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. International severe asthma registry (ISAR): protocol for a global registry

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Airway hyperresponsiveness to mannitol improves in both type 2 high and type 2 low asthma after specialist management

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma.

DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO-ID: CRD42019130156) METHODS: Eligibility criteria: Randomised controlled trials investigating the effect of at least 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training on outcomes for asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma. Information sources: Medline, EMBase, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to 3 April 2019. Risk of bias: Risk of bias was assessed by the "Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool".

RESULTS: Included studies: We included 11 studies with a total of 543 adults with asthma. Participants' mean age was 36.5 years (range: 22 to 54 years); 74.8% of participants were women and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.6 kg·m-2 (range: 23.2 to 38.1 kg·m-2). Interventions had a median duration of 12 weeks (range: 8 to 12 weeks) and included walking, jogging, spinning, treadmill running and other unspecified exercise training programmes. Synthesis of results: Exercise training improved asthma control with a standard mean difference (SMD) of -0.48 (-0.81 to -0.16). Lung function slightly increased with an SMD of -0.36 (-0.72 to 0.00) in favour of exercise training. Exercise training had no apparent effect on markers of airway inflammation [SMD: -0.03 (-0.41 to 0.36)].

CONCLUSIONS: In adults with asthma, aerobic exercise training has potential to improve asthma control and lung function but not airway inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesEuropean Respiratory Journal. Supplement
Volume30
Issue number56
ISSN0904-1850
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

ID: 59777386