INTRODUCTION: In some cases, surgical treatment is necessary to manage intussusception despite advances in enema reduction. The purpose of this study was to analyse treatment in two tertiary referral university centres for paediatric surgery to identify time-related factors influencing treatment of intussusception.
METHODS: This was a retrospective two-centre chart review, performed for all patients under the age of 16 years who underwent treatment for intussusception during the period from 2005 to 2015. Demographic data and data on different time intervals from symptom debut to end of treatment and compliacations were retrieved from the medical record.
RESULTS: A total of 158 children were included. Non-surgical reduction was used as the primary treatment modality in 48% and intussusception was successfully reduced in 32% of these cases. The non-surgical success rate was found to be significantly higher when the diagnosis was confirmed within four hours of hospitalisation (p = 0.003). A lower rate of bowel resection was observed when the diagnosis was confirmed within four hours of hospitalisation (p = 0.026) and treatment was initiated within six hours of hospitalisation (p = 0.033).
CONCLUSIONS: This study found a relatively low utilisation rate for enema reduction and an overall low enema success rate. The success rate of enema was significantly higher and the intestinal resection rate lower when the diagnosis was confirmed within four hours of hospitalisation, which underpins the importance of a quick and timely diagnosis.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.
|Journal||Danish Medical Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Feb 2021|
- Early Diagnosis
- Retrospective Studies
- Treatment Outcome