PURPOSE: Polymethyl-methacrylate cement (PMMA) is often used as bone defect reconstruction material after surgical removal of giant cell tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the application of PMMA improves the local recurrence rates for giant cell tumors (GCT) of appendicular bone treated with intralesional curettage.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all appendicular GTCs treated at two major Danish sarcoma centres between the 1st of January 1998 and December 31st 2013; minimum follow-up of 3.0 years (median: 8.9; 1.3-18.7 years). Kaplan-Meier survival model, log-rank and multivariate Cox regression were used to calculate and compare local recurrence rates. p-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.
RESULTS: 102 patients (M59/F43), median age 31Y (11-84) were included in this study. The overall 3-years local recurrence-rate was 19.9% (95%CI: 11.9-27.9%); 91% had occurred within 3 years. In patients treated with intralesional curettage (n = 64), the 3-years recurrence-rate was 30.6% (95%CI: 18.8-42.4%), compared to 2.6% (95%CI: 0.0-7.8%) in patients treated with wide resection or amputation (n = 38), p < .001. The 3-years recurrence-rate for patients treated with intralesional curettage and reconstruction using PMMA was 29.0% (95%CI: 12.6-45.4%) and without PMMA: 31.8% (95%CI: 15.2-48.4%), p = .83.
CONCLUSION: We found that the use of PMMA for bone defect reconstruction after intralesional curettage of GTCs in the appendicular skeleton did not ensure a reduced risk of local recurrence.