Does Goal-directed Fluid Therapy Affect Postoperative Orthostatic Intolerance? A Randomized Trial

Morten Bundgaard-Nielsen, Oivind Jans, Rasmus Gamborg Müller, André Martin Korshin, Birgitte Ruhnau, Peter Bie, Niels H Secher, Henrik Kehlet

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Early mobilization is important for postoperative recovery but is limited by orthostatic intolerance (OI) with a prevalence of 50% 6 h after major surgery. The pathophysiology of postoperative OI is assumed to include hypovolemia besides dysregulation of vasomotor tone. Stroke volume-guided fluid therapy, so-called goal-directed therapy (GDT), corrects functional hypovolemia, and the authors hypothesized that GDT reduces the prevalence of OI after major surgery and assessed this in a prospective, double-blinded trial. METHODS:: Forty-two patients scheduled for open radical prostatectomy were randomized into standard fluid therapy (control group) or GDT groups. Both groups received a fixed-volume crystalloid regimen supplemented with 1:1 replacement of blood loss with colloid, and in addition, the GDT group received colloid to obtain a maximal stroke volume (esophageal Doppler). The primary outcome was the prevalence of OI assessed with a standardized mobilization protocol before and 6 h after surgery. Hemodynamic and hormonal orthostatic responses were evaluated. RESULTS:: Twelve (57%) versus 15 (71%) patients in the control and GDT groups (P = 0.33), respectively, demonstrated OI after surgery, group difference 14% (CI, -18 to 45%). Patients in the GDT group received more colloid during surgery (1,758 vs. 1,057 ml; P = 0.001) and reached a higher stroke volume (102 vs. 89 ml; P = 0.04). OI patients had an increased length of hospital stay (3 vs. 2 days; P = 0.02) and impaired hemodynamic and norepinephrine responses on mobilization. CONCLUSION:: GDT did not reduce the prevalence of OI, and patients with OI demonstrated impaired cardiovascular and hormonal responses to mobilization.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnesthesiology
Volume119
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)813-823
Number of pages11
ISSN0003-3022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2013

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