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Disordered eating behaviours and autistic traits-Are there any associations in nonclinical populations? A systematic review

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  2. Diagnosed Anxiety Disorders and the Risk of Subsequent Anorexia Nervosa: A Danish Population Register Study

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  1. A psychometric investigation of the multiple-choice version of Animated Triangles Task to measure Theory of Mind in adolescence

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  3. Precursors of self-reported subclinical hypomania in adolescence: A longitudinal general population study

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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to critically review existing literature concerning the possible association between autistic-like behaviours and problematic eating behaviours in nonclinical populations.

METHOD: We performed a systematic literature search in three large databases. Studies were included if they assessed any association between a broad range of autistic-like behaviours and problematic eating behaviours in nonclinical samples.

RESULTS: Sixteen eligible studies were found covering 3,595 participants in total, including five studies on children/adolescents (n = 685). All studies were cross-sectional, and thus, only concurrent associations could be evaluated. Several autistic-like behaviours were found to be associated with problematic eating behaviours, with the overall "autism spectrum quotient," deficiencies in set-shifting, and theory of mind showing the strongest associations.

CONCLUSIONS: The existing literature indicates concurrent associations between specific autistic-like behaviours and problematic eating behaviours in nonclinical samples across ages. Large prospective longitudinal studies are needed for insight into the temporal order of these associations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Volume27
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)8-23
Number of pages16
ISSN1072-4133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

    Research areas

  • Autistic Disorder/epidemiology, Cross-Sectional Studies, Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology, Humans

ID: 55820088