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Direct Monitoring of Exogenous γ-Hydroxybutyric Acid in Body Fluids by NMR Spectroscopy

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  • Martina Palomino-Schätzlein
  • Yaoyao Wang
  • Alan D Brailsford
  • Teodor Parella
  • David A Cowan
  • Cristina Legido-Quigley
  • Míriam Pérez-Trujillo
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γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is a popular drug increasingly associated with cases of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA). Currently, expanding procedures of analysis and having forensic evidence of GHB intake in a long term are mandatory. Up to now, most studies have been performed using GC/MS and LC-MS as analytical platforms, which involve significant manipulation of the sample and, often, indirect measurements. In this work, procedures used in NMR-based metabolomics were applied to a GHB clinical trial on urine and serum. Detection, identification, and quantification of the drug by NMR methods were surveyed, as well as the use of NMR-based metabolomics for the search of potential surrogate biomarkers of GHB consumption. Results demonstrated the suitability of NMR spectroscopy, as a robust nondestructive technique, to fast and directly monitor (detect, identify, and quantify) exogenous GHB in almost intact body fluids and its high potential in the search for metabolites associated with GHB intake.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume89
Issue number16
Pages (from-to)8343-8350
Number of pages8
ISSN0003-2700
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 52380512