Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Differential-diagnostic confusion and non-specificity of affective symptoms and anxiety: An empirical study of first-admission patients

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{106026f6bdd04ca9ae9988e21c9c6eea,
title = "Differential-diagnostic confusion and non-specificity of affective symptoms and anxiety: An empirical study of first-admission patients",
abstract = "In everyday clinical work, psychiatrists encounter patients who present with symptoms spanning several diagnostic categories, e.g., showing signs of a psychosis, depression, and anxiety. This raises the critical question of which symptoms hold precedence over other and, by extension, which diagnosis is the right diagnosis. ICD-10 and DSM-5 do not provide unambiguous answers to this question and therefore psychiatry remains exposed to diagnostic disagreement with consequences for treatment and research. We explored symptom distribution in a sample of 98 first-admission psychiatric patients. We extracted and categorized singular symptoms into symptom domains: anxiety, mania, delusions, hallucinations, first-rank symptoms, and negative symptoms. Most symptoms were seen in most disorders. We found symptoms of depression and anxiety in almost all patients. Thus, just counting symptoms do not seem to be a valid way to make diagnoses. We elaborately discuss these issues in the context of the differential-diagnosis between schizophrenia and depression. Finally, we suggest that a combination of a criteria- and Gestalt-based approach to diagnosing mental disorders may contribute to counteract some of the current differential-diagnostic confusion.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Depression, Diagnostic hierarchy, Gestalt, Mania, Schizophrenia",
author = "Ida-Marie M{\o}lstr{\o}m and Henriksen, {Mads Gram} and Julie Nordgaard",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113302",
language = "English",
volume = "291",
pages = "113302",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential-diagnostic confusion and non-specificity of affective symptoms and anxiety

T2 - An empirical study of first-admission patients

AU - Mølstrøm , Ida-Marie

AU - Henriksen, Mads Gram

AU - Nordgaard, Julie

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/9

Y1 - 2020/9

N2 - In everyday clinical work, psychiatrists encounter patients who present with symptoms spanning several diagnostic categories, e.g., showing signs of a psychosis, depression, and anxiety. This raises the critical question of which symptoms hold precedence over other and, by extension, which diagnosis is the right diagnosis. ICD-10 and DSM-5 do not provide unambiguous answers to this question and therefore psychiatry remains exposed to diagnostic disagreement with consequences for treatment and research. We explored symptom distribution in a sample of 98 first-admission psychiatric patients. We extracted and categorized singular symptoms into symptom domains: anxiety, mania, delusions, hallucinations, first-rank symptoms, and negative symptoms. Most symptoms were seen in most disorders. We found symptoms of depression and anxiety in almost all patients. Thus, just counting symptoms do not seem to be a valid way to make diagnoses. We elaborately discuss these issues in the context of the differential-diagnosis between schizophrenia and depression. Finally, we suggest that a combination of a criteria- and Gestalt-based approach to diagnosing mental disorders may contribute to counteract some of the current differential-diagnostic confusion.

AB - In everyday clinical work, psychiatrists encounter patients who present with symptoms spanning several diagnostic categories, e.g., showing signs of a psychosis, depression, and anxiety. This raises the critical question of which symptoms hold precedence over other and, by extension, which diagnosis is the right diagnosis. ICD-10 and DSM-5 do not provide unambiguous answers to this question and therefore psychiatry remains exposed to diagnostic disagreement with consequences for treatment and research. We explored symptom distribution in a sample of 98 first-admission psychiatric patients. We extracted and categorized singular symptoms into symptom domains: anxiety, mania, delusions, hallucinations, first-rank symptoms, and negative symptoms. Most symptoms were seen in most disorders. We found symptoms of depression and anxiety in almost all patients. Thus, just counting symptoms do not seem to be a valid way to make diagnoses. We elaborately discuss these issues in the context of the differential-diagnosis between schizophrenia and depression. Finally, we suggest that a combination of a criteria- and Gestalt-based approach to diagnosing mental disorders may contribute to counteract some of the current differential-diagnostic confusion.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Depression

KW - Diagnostic hierarchy

KW - Gestalt

KW - Mania

KW - Schizophrenia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087967571&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113302

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113302

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32763555

VL - 291

SP - 113302

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

M1 - 113302

ER -

ID: 61115324