Differential time responses in inflammatory and oxidative stress markers after a marathon: An observational study

Emil List Larsen, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Cristina Michaelsen, Laura Kofoed Kjær, Mark Lyngbæk, Emilie Skytte Andersen, Christina Petersen-Bønding, Clara Lemoine, Matthew Gillum, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Thorkil Ploug, Tina Vilsbøll, Filip Krag Knop, Kristian Karstoft

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute and adaptive changes in systemic markers of oxidatively generated nucleic acid modifications (i.e., 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2ʹ-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxoGuo)) as well as inflammatory cytokines (i.e., C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, interleukin-10, and tumour necrosis factor alpha), a liver hormone (i.e., fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21)), and bone metabolism markers (sclerostin, osteocalcin, C-terminal telopeptide, and N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen) were investigated following a marathon in 20 study participants. Immediate changes were observed in inflammatory cytokines, FGF21, and bone metabolism markers following the marathon. In contrast, no immediate changes in urinary excretion of 8-oxodG and 8-oxoGuo were evident. Four days after the marathon, decreased urinary excretion of 8-oxodG (-2.9 (95% CI -4.8;-1.1) nmol/24 h, P < 0.01) and 8-oxoGuo (-5.8 (95% CI -10.3;-1.3) nmol/24 h, P = 0.02) was observed. The excretion rate of 8-oxodG remained decreased 7 days after the marathon compared to baseline (-2.3 (95%CI -4.3;-0.4) nmol/24 h, P = 0.02), whereas the excretion rate of 8-oxoGuo was normalized. In conclusion marathon participation immediately induced a considerable inflammatory response, but did not increase excretion rates of oxidatively generated nucleic acid modifications. In fact, a delayed decrease in oxidatively generated nucleic acid modifications was observed suggesting adaptive antioxidative effects following exercise. Abbreviations: 8-oxodG: 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2ʹ-deoxyguanosine; 8-oxoGuo: 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine; CI: confidence interval; CTX: C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen; DXA: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; ELISA: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; FGF21: Fibroblast growth factor 21; h: hour; hsCRP: high sensitivity C-reactive protein; IL: interleukin; IQR: interquartile range; MS: mass spectrometry: P1NP: N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen; TNFα: tumour necrosis factor alpha; UPLC: ultra-performance liquid chromatography.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume38
Issue number18
Pages (from-to)2080-2091
Number of pages12
ISSN0264-0414
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020

Keywords

  • Bone metabolism
  • exercise
  • fibroblast growth factor 21
  • inflammation
  • oxidative stress

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