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Differences in Kidney Function Estimates Based on Creatinine and/or Cystatin C in Non-Traumatic Amputation Patients and Their Impact on Drug Prescribing

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  1. Chromothripsis and DNA Repair Disorders

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Accurate kidney function estimates are necessary when prescribing renally-eliminated medications. Our objectives were to investigate how amputation affects estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and to determine if dosing recommendations differ among different eGFR equations. In a cohort study of non-traumatic amputation patients, eGFR based on creatinine and/or cystatin C were measured before and after amputation. Prescribed, renally-eliminated medications were compared with dosing guidelines in Renbase®. Data from 38 patients with a median age of 75 years were analyzed. The median (range) eGFR was 65 (15⁻103), 38 (13⁻79), and 48 (13⁻86) mL/min/1.73 m² before amputation and 80 (22⁻107), 51 (13⁻95), and 62 (16⁻100) mL/min/1.73 m² after amputation for eGFRCreatinine, eGFRCystatinC, and eGFRCombined, respectively (p < 0.01). From before to after amputation, eGFR increased on average by 8.5, 6.1, and 7.4 mL/min/1.73 m² for eGFRCreatinine, eGFRCystatinC, and eGFRCombined (all p < 0.01), respectively. At least one renally-eliminated medication was prescribed at a higher dose than recommended in 37.8% of patients using eGFRCystatinC, 17.6% using eGFRCombined and 10.8% using eGFRCreatinine. In conclusion, amputation affects eGFR regardless of the eGFR equations. The differences among equations would impact prescribing of renally-eliminated medications, particularly when switching from creatinine to cystatin C.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)89
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2019

ID: 56289657