Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Dietary habits, metabolic health and vitamin D status in Greenlandic children

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Changes in job strain and subsequent weight gain: a longitudinal study, based on the Danish Nurse Cohort

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Exposure to vitamin D from fortified margarine during fetal life and later risk of pre-eclampsia: the D-tect Study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Effects of the Healthy Start randomized intervention on dietary intake among obesity-prone normal-weight children

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Calcium, vitamin D, casein and whey protein intakes and periodontitis among Danish adults

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  5. Intake of ruminant trans-fatty acids, assessed by diet history interview, and changes in measured body size, shape and composition

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Vitamin D and sex steroid production in men with normal or impaired Leydig cell function

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. How does meal composition influence the evaluation of gastrointestinal motility measured by the wireless motility capsule?

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

  3. Prospective association between late evening food consumption and risk of prediabetes and diabetes: the Whitehall II cohort study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Tidsbegrænset spisning: En strategi til forebyggelse af overvægt og type 2 diabetes?

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

  5. How does meal composition influence the evaluation of gastrointestinal motility measured by the wireless motility capsule?

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

Objective:To compare the dietary habits of children living in northern villages and in the capital of Greenland, given the reported transition from traditional to westernised diet in adults over recent decades, and to explore the association between consumption of marine mammals and fish (MMF) and the children's metabolic profile and vitamin D status.Design:Children answered an FFQ encompassing sixty-four individual food types pooled into six food categories. Their pubertal stage, body fat, fitness level, metabolic profile (non-HDL-cholesterol, glycated Hb, insulin, glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) as well as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration were evaluated.Setting:Siorapaluk and Qaanaaq (north of Greenland) and Nuuk (west).Participants:Children aged 6-18 years (n 177).Results:MMF were most frequently eaten by children from Siorapaluk (mean (sd): 73·4 (14·1) times/month), followed by children from Qaanaaq (37·0 (25·0) times/month), and least often eaten by children from Nuuk (23·7 (24·6) times/month; P < 0·001). Children from Qaanaaq consumed 'junk food' more frequently (P < 0·001) and fruits and vegetables less frequently (P < 0·01) than children from Nuuk. MMF consumption was positively associated with serum 25(OH)D concentration (P < 0·05), but the overall prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was high (18 %). No association was found between MMF consumption and metabolic parameters.Conclusions:The dietary transition and influence of western diets have spread to the north of Greenland and only the most remote place consumed a traditional diet highly based on MMF. We found no strong associations of MMF consumption with metabolic health, but a positive association with vitamin D status.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
ISSN1368-9800
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Oct 2019

    Research areas

  • Dietary transition, Fish, Glycated Hb, High-sensitivity C-reactive protein, Marine mammals, Non-HDL-cholesterol, PUFA

ID: 58131098