Background: Non-invasive computed tomography (CT)-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR CT) is computed from standard coronary CT angiography (CTA) datasets and provides accurate vessel-specific ischaemia assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). To date, the technique and its diagnostic performance has not been verified in the Australian clinical context. The aim of this study was to describe and compare the diagnostic performance of FFR CT and CTA for the detection of vessel-specific ischaemia as determined by invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) in the Australian patient population. Methods: One-hundred-and-nine patients (219 vessels) referred for clinically mandated invasive angiography were retrospectively assessed. Each patient underwent research mandated CTA and FFR CT within 3 months of invasive angiography and invasive FFR assessment. Independent core laboratory assessments were made to determine visual CTA stenosis, FFR CT and invasive FFR values. FFR CT values were matched with the corresponding invasive FFR measurement taken at the given wire position. Visual CTA stenosis ≥50%, FFR CT values ≤0.8 and invasive FFR values ≤0.8 were considered significant for ischaemia. Results: Per vessel accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of FFR CT were 80.4%, 80.0%, 80.6%, 64.9% and 90.0% respectively. Corresponding values for CTA were 75.1%, 87.1%, 69.2%, 58.1% and 91.7% respectively. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, FFR CT demonstrated superior area under the curve (AUC) compared with CTA in both per vessel (0.87 vs 0.77, p=0.004) and per patient analysis (0.86 vs 0.74, p=0.011). Per vessel AUC of combined CTA and FFR CT was superior to CTA alone (0.89 vs 0.77, p<0.0001). Conclusion: In this cohort of Australian patients, the diagnostic performance of FFR CT was found to be comparable to existing international literature, with demonstrated improvement in performance compared with CTA alone for the detection of vessel-specific ischaemia.
- Coronary CT angiography
- Fractional flow reserve