Dynamic cerebral autoregulation is often assessed by continuously recorded arterial blood pressure (ABP) and transcranial Doppler-derived mean cerebral blood flow velocity followed by analysis in the time and frequency domain, respectively. Sequential correlation (in the time domain, yielding e.g., the measure mean flow index, Mxa) and transfer function analysis (TFA) (in the frequency domain, yielding, e.g., normalised and non-normalised gain as well as phase in the low frequency domain) are commonly used approaches. This study investigated the diagnostic and prognostic performance of these metrics. We included recordings from 48 healthy volunteers, 19 patients with sepsis, 36 with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and 14 patients admitted to a neurorehabilitation unit. The diagnostic (between healthy volunteers and patients) and prognostic performance (to predict death or poor functional outcome) of Mxa and the TFA measures were assessed by area under the receiver-operating characteristic (AUROC) curves. AUROC curves generally indicated that the measures were 'no better than chance' (AUROC ∼0.5) both for distinguishing between healthy volunteers and patient groups, and for predicting outcomes in our cohort. No metric emerged as superior for distinguishing between healthy volunteers and different patient groups, for assessing the effect of interventions, or for predicting mortality or functional outcome.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)2164-2172
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Blood Flow Velocity/physiology
  • Blood Pressure/physiology
  • Homeostasis/physiology
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial
  • Mean flow index
  • Mx
  • autoregulation
  • biomarker
  • diagnostic tool
  • transfer function analysis
  • validity


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