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Diagnostic accuracy of EUS-guided through-the-needle-biopsies and simultaneously obtained fine needle aspiration for cytology from pancreatic cysts: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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OBJECTIVES: To address the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound guided through-the-needle-biopsies (TTNBs) and simultaneously obtained cytology samples from pancreatic cysts compared to the final histopathological diagnosis of the surgical specimen, and to give an overview of ancillary tests performed on TTNBs.

METHODS: A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase and Scopus. Studies were included in the meta-analysis, if they had data for TTNB, cytology and a surgical specimen of pancreatic cysts as reference standard. The assessment of the risk of bias and quality of the included studies was conducted using the modified QUADAS-2 tool.

RESULTS: Ten studies with 99 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Data regarding study design and clinicopathological features were extracted systematically. For TTNB, pooled sensitivity was 0.86 (95 % CI 0.62-0.96), specificity 0.95 (95 % CI 0.79-0.99) and area under the curve (AUC) 0.86 for the diagnosis of a mucinous cyst and pooled sensitivity was 0.78 (95 % CI 0.61-0.89), specificity 0.99 (95 % CI 0.90-0.99) and AUC 0.92 for the diagnosis of a high-risk cyst. For a specific diagnosis, pooled sensitivity was 0.69 (95 % CI 0.50-0.83), specificity 0.47 (95 % CI 0.28-0.68) and AUC 0.49. For cytology performed simultaneously, pooled sensitivity was 0.46 (95 % CI 0.35-0.57), specificity 0.90 (95 % CI 0.46-0.99) and AUC 0.64 for the diagnosis of mucinous cysts, and pooled sensitivity was 0.38 (95 % CI 0.23-0.55), specificity 0.99 (95 % CI 0.90-0.99) and AUC 0.84 for the diagnosis of a high-risk cyst. For a specific diagnosis, pooled sensitivity was 0.29 (95 % CI 0.21-0.39), specificity 0.45 (95 % CI 0.25-0.66) and AUC 0.30. Furthermore, immunohistochemical stains can be useful to establish the specific cyst subtype.

CONCLUSIONS: TTNBs have a higher sensitivity and specificity than cytology for the diagnosis of mucinous cyst and high- risk cysts of the pancreas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153368
JournalPathology, research and practice
Volume220
Pages (from-to)153368
ISSN0344-0338
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2021 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Cyst, Cytology, Diagnostic test, Meta-analysis, Pancreas, Through-the-needle-biopsy

ID: 68600264