Development and Validation of a Risk Score for Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorders among Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Quenia Dos Santos*, Neval Ete Wareham, Amanda Mocroft, Allan Rasmussen, Finn Gustafsson, Michael Perch, Søren Schwartz Sørensen, Oriol Manuel, Nicolas J Müller, Jens Lundgren, Joanne Reekie

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is a well-recognized complication after transplant. This study aimed to develop and validate a risk score to predict PTLD among solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Poisson regression identified predictors of PTLD with the best fitting model selected for the risk score. The derivation cohort consisted of 2546 SOT recipients transpanted at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen between 2004 and 2019; 57 developed PTLD. Predictors of PTLD were high-risk pre-transplant Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), IgG donor/recipient serostatus, and current positive plasma EBV DNA, abnormal hemoglobin and C-reactive protein levels. Individuals in the high-risk group had almost 7 times higher incidence of PTLD (incidence rate ratio (IRR) 6.75; 95% CI: 4.00-11.41) compared to the low-risk group. In the validation cohort of 1611 SOT recipients from the University Hospital of Zürich, 24 developed PTLD. A similar 7 times higher risk of PTLD was observed in the high-risk group compared to the low-risk group (IRR 7.17, 95% CI: 3.05-16.82). The discriminatory ability was also similar in derivation (Harrell's C-statistic of 0.82 95% CI (0.76-0.88) and validation (0.82, 95% CI:0.72-0.92) cohorts. The risk score had a good discriminatory ability in both cohorts and helped to identify patients with higher risk of developing PTLD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3279
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number13
ISSN2072-6694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2022

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