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Determination and validation of peak fat oxidation in endurance-trained men using an upper body graded exercise test

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  • Mikkel Thunestvedt Hansen
  • Tue Rømer
  • Jacob Frandsen
  • Steen Larsen
  • Flemming Dela
  • Jørn Wulff Helge
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Peak fat oxidation rate (PFO) and the intensity that elicits PFO (Fatmax ) are commonly determined by a validated graded exercise test (GE) on a cycling ergometer with indirect calorimetry. However, for upper body exercise fat oxidation rates are not well elucidated and no protocol has been validated. Thus, our aim was to test validity and inter-method reliability for determination of PFO and Fatmax in trained men using a GE protocol applying double poling on a ski-ergometer. PFO and Fatmax were assessed during two identical GE tests (GE1 and GE2) and validated against separated short continuous exercise bouts (SCE) at 35%, 50%, and 65% of V̇O2peak on the ski-ergometer in 10 endurance-trained men (V̇O2peak : 65.1 ± 1.0 mL·min-1 ·kg-1 , mean ± SEM). Between GE tests no differences were found in PFO (GE1: 0.42 ± 0.03; GE2: 0.45 ± 0.03 g·min-1 , P = .256) or Fatmax (GE1: 41 ± 2%; GE2: 43 ± 3% of V̇O2peak , P = .457) and the intra-individual coefficient of variation (CV) was 8 ± 2% and 11 ± 2% for PFO and Fatmax , respectively. Between GE and SCE tests, PFO (GEavg : 0.44 ± 0.03; SCE; 0.47 ± 0.06 g·min-1 , P = .510) was not different, whereas a difference in Fatmax (GEavg : 42 ± 2%; SCE: 52 ± 4% of V̇O2peak , P = .030) was observed with a CV of 17 ± 4% and 15 ± 4% for PFO and Fatmax , respectively. In conclusion, GE has a high day-to-day reliability in determination of PFO and Fatmax in trained men, whereas it is unclear if PFO and Fatmax determined by GE reflect continuous exercise in general.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Volume29
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1677-1690
Number of pages14
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

    Research areas

  • Adipose Tissue/metabolism, Adult, Calorimetry, Indirect, Exercise Test, Humans, Lipid Metabolism, Male, Oxidation-Reduction, Oxygen Consumption, Reproducibility of Results

ID: 59397878