Detection of candidaemia in patients with and without underlying haematological disease

M C Arendrup, O J Bergmann, L. Larsson, H.V. Nielsen, Jens Otto Jarløv, B. Christensson

41 Citations (Scopus)


P>Diagnosing candidaemia remains difficult despite the development of new diagnostics. We report a direct comparison of three different blood-culture systems and four indirect tests. One hundred and fourteen episodes either with haematological disease and fever despite antibacterials, or with documented invasive candidiasis, were enrolled prospectively. Clinical, para-clinical information and surveillance cultures were obtained. Blood culture was performed using conventional blood-culture bottles, mycosis bottles, and the Isolator 10 lysis centrifugation system. Serum D-arabinitol/L-arabinitol (DA/LA) ratios were determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Antigen, mannan-antigen (Ag) and anti-mannan antibody (Ab) were detected by CandTec, Platelia Candida Ag ELISA and Candida AB/AC/AK kits, respectively. Episodes were classified as proven (n = 24), probable (n = 14), possible (n = 52) or unlikely (n = 24) invasive candidiasis. Candidaemia involved C. albicans (17), C. albicans + C. glabrata (3), C. tropicalis (1) and yeast (1). Mycosis bottles yielded two additional positives and the conventional blood culture yielded one positive not identified by other blood-culture methods. Considering proven and unlikely episodes, respectively, sensitivity and specificity were as follows: mannan-Ag and/or anti-mannan Ab: 83.3%, 78.3%; DA/LA ratio: 41.7%, 86.4%; and CandTec Candida Ag: 66.6%, 70.8%. Lowering the cut-off values to mannan-Ag 0.10 ng/mL and anti-mannan Ab 4 AU/mL, the values were: 100%, 73.9%. Applying the DA/LA ratio to only patients with haematological neutropenia the values were: 75%, 90.5%. Fungal blood culture allowed slightly improved detection of candidaemia. The best indirect test performance was obtained from combined mannan-Ag and anti-mannan Ab detection, especially with lower cut-offs. DA/LA ratio appears to be useful in the context of haematological neutropenia
Translated title of the contributionDetection of candidaemia in patients with and without underlying haematological disease
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)855-862
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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