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Deregulation of the Purine Pathway in Pre-Transplant Liver Biopsies Is Associated with Graft Function and Survival after Transplantation

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The current shortage of livers for transplantation has increased the use of marginal organs sourced from donation after circulatory death (DCD). However, these organs have a higher incidence of graft failure, and pre-transplant biomarkers which predict graft function and survival remain limited. Here, we aimed to find biomarkers of liver function before transplantation to allow better clinical evaluation. Matched pre- and post-transplant liver biopsies from DCD (n = 24) and donation after brain death (DBD, n = 70) were collected. Liver biopsies were analysed using mass spectroscopy molecular phenotyping. Discrimination analysis was used to parse metabolites differentiated between the two groups. Five metabolites in the purine pathway were investigated. Of these, the ratios of the levels of four metabolites to those of urate differed between DBD and DCD biopsies at the pre-transplantation stage (q < 0.05). The ratios of Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and adenine levels to those of urate also differed in biopsies from recipients experiencing early graft function (EGF) (q < 0.05) compared to those of recipients experiencing early allograft dysfunction (EAD). Using random forest, a panel consisting of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and the ratios of AMP, adenine, and hypoxanthine levels to urate levels predicted EGF with area under the curve (AUC) of 0.84 (95% CI (0.71, 0.97)). Survival analysis revealed that the metabolite classifier could stratify six-year survival outcomes (p = 0.0073). At the pre-transplantation stage, a panel composed of purine metabolites and ALT could improve the prediction of EGF and survival.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2020

ID: 59547675