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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Demographic and comorbidity predictors of adherence to diagnostic colonoscopy in the Danish Colorectal Cancer Screening Program: a nationwide cross-sectional study

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Background: Predictors of participation in colorectal cancer screening with a stool sample screening modality have been widely studied, but adherence to subsequent diagnostic colonoscopy after a positive screening test has received less attention. We aimed to determine predictors of adherence to diagnostic colonoscopy in the Danish Colorectal Cancer Screening Program.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from National Health Service registries. We included 8,112 individuals invited to screening between March 3, 2014, and August 31, 2014, who had a positive immunochemical fecal occult blood test. Potential predictors were gender, age, region of residence, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score, specific diseases (cardiovascular disease, chronic pulmonary disease, diabetes, and cancer), and number of prior hospital stays. We estimated prevalence proportion differences (PPDs) for the associations between potential predictors and adherence.

Results: Overall, adherence to diagnostic colonoscopy was 88.6%. Adherence was lower in individuals aged 75 years compared with those aged <70 years, PPD=-4.20 (95% confidence interval [CI]: -6.19; -2.20). Adherence decreased with a higher level of comorbidity: PPD=-2.30 (95% CI: -3.87; -0.74) for a CCI score of 1-2 and PPD=-9.24 (95% CI: -12.30; -6.19) for a CCI score of ≥3 compared to 0. For specific diseases, adherence was decreased in those with a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, chronic pulmonary disease, or diabetes, but less for cancer. When comorbidity was measured as number of prior hospital stays, the adjusted PPDs were -2.41 (95% CI: -4.43;-0.39) for one to two stays and -14.50 (95% CI: -20.30; -8.74) for three or more stays compared with no in-hospital stays.

Conclusion: Major predictors of nonadherence to diagnostic colonoscopy after a positive immunochemical fecal occult blood test were older age, a CCI score of 1 or more, cardiovascular disease, chronic pulmonary disease, diabetes, and one or more in-hospital stays within the last year.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Epidemiology
Volume10
Pages (from-to)1733-1742
Number of pages10
ISSN1179-1349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

ID: 56135671