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Decreased markers of bone turnover in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

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Background and aim: Adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have increased risk of bone fractures and decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Alterations in bone turnover have been suggested as the link between T1D and the impaired bone health. Furthermore, bone turnover has been suggested to have beneficial effects on glucose metabolism. This study aimed at describing bone turnover markers (BTM), and the relationship with glycemic control, in children and adolescents with T1D. Methods: A total of 173 (47% girls) children and adolescents aged 7.7 to 17.5 years with T1D for more than 1 year were included. Participants were evaluated by BMD together with measurements of selected BTM; two formation markers: osteocalcin (OCN) and procollagen type-1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP) and one resorption marker, C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type-1 collagen (CTX). BTM were converted into Z-scores utilizing new national references. Results: Mean OCN Z-score (−0.68 ± 1.31), P1NP Z-score (−0.33 ± 1.03) and CTX Z-score (−0.43 ± 1.10) were all significantly lower than the reference population (P '.001). No associations were seen between BTM and T1D duration. BMD Z-score was comparable to the reference population and associated with none of individual BTMs. CTX Z-score was negatively associated with HbA1c (P =.007) independent of both exogenous and residual endogenous insulin. Conclusions: Markers of bone formation and resorption were decreased in children and adolescents with T1D. CTX Z-score associated negatively with HbA1c adjusted for insulin treatment and endogenous insulin production indicating a potential association between CTX and insulin sensitivity. The long-term consequences of decreased BTM on BMD need further attention.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)505-514
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

    Research areas

  • bone density, bone remodeling, C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, diabetes mellitus, type 1, osteocalcin

ID: 59240294