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Decline in severe spastic cerebral palsy at term in Denmark 1999-2007

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@article{8fcebe909095429fb3ec0a49a3cc64e2,
title = "Decline in severe spastic cerebral palsy at term in Denmark 1999-2007",
abstract = "AIM: To analyse trends in prevalence and severity of cerebral palsy (CP) in Denmark in birth years 1999-2007 and compare with previous periods.METHOD: Data has been collected uniformly in the Danish cerebral palsy national register nationwide since 1995. Rates in the time periods 1999-2001, 2002-2004 and 2005-2007 covering 585,393 births were analysed by gestational age and subtypes.RESULTS: Total number of CP cases in the period was 1165. The overall prevalence of CP decreased significantly from 2.1 in 1999-2001 to 1.8 in 2005-2007 per 1000 livebirths (p = 0.022). The decline was only significant for children born at term (p = 0.007) but not for the preterm (p = 0.44). The decline in children born at term was based on a decrease in bilateral spastic CP (n = 117 in years 1999-2001 and n = 59 in 2005-2007). Multidisciplinary obstetric skills training with neonatal resuscitation in Denmark was initiated in 2003 and timely associated with the decrease. The prevalence of unilateral spastic CP the prevalence did not change, but in the two last time periods more children had a right-sided than left-sided unilateral spastic CP.CONCLUSION: The decline in rate of CP seen in 2005-2007 as compared to 1999-2001 was mainly based on fewer cases of severe spastic CP in term infants. We hypothesize that improved neonatal resuscitation in the delivery room may be partly responsible for the decrease. In premature children the decline was not significant in this time period, but has been dramatically decreasing in the years before the time period here analysed.",
author = "Hoei-Hansen, {Christina Engel} and Bjarne Laursen and Jens Langhoff-Roos and Gija Rackauskaite and Peter Uldall",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.08.010",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "94--101",
journal = "European Journal of Paediatric Neurology",
issn = "1090-3798",
publisher = "W.B./Saunders Co. Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decline in severe spastic cerebral palsy at term in Denmark 1999-2007

AU - Hoei-Hansen, Christina Engel

AU - Laursen, Bjarne

AU - Langhoff-Roos, Jens

AU - Rackauskaite, Gija

AU - Uldall, Peter

N1 - Copyright © 2018 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - AIM: To analyse trends in prevalence and severity of cerebral palsy (CP) in Denmark in birth years 1999-2007 and compare with previous periods.METHOD: Data has been collected uniformly in the Danish cerebral palsy national register nationwide since 1995. Rates in the time periods 1999-2001, 2002-2004 and 2005-2007 covering 585,393 births were analysed by gestational age and subtypes.RESULTS: Total number of CP cases in the period was 1165. The overall prevalence of CP decreased significantly from 2.1 in 1999-2001 to 1.8 in 2005-2007 per 1000 livebirths (p = 0.022). The decline was only significant for children born at term (p = 0.007) but not for the preterm (p = 0.44). The decline in children born at term was based on a decrease in bilateral spastic CP (n = 117 in years 1999-2001 and n = 59 in 2005-2007). Multidisciplinary obstetric skills training with neonatal resuscitation in Denmark was initiated in 2003 and timely associated with the decrease. The prevalence of unilateral spastic CP the prevalence did not change, but in the two last time periods more children had a right-sided than left-sided unilateral spastic CP.CONCLUSION: The decline in rate of CP seen in 2005-2007 as compared to 1999-2001 was mainly based on fewer cases of severe spastic CP in term infants. We hypothesize that improved neonatal resuscitation in the delivery room may be partly responsible for the decrease. In premature children the decline was not significant in this time period, but has been dramatically decreasing in the years before the time period here analysed.

AB - AIM: To analyse trends in prevalence and severity of cerebral palsy (CP) in Denmark in birth years 1999-2007 and compare with previous periods.METHOD: Data has been collected uniformly in the Danish cerebral palsy national register nationwide since 1995. Rates in the time periods 1999-2001, 2002-2004 and 2005-2007 covering 585,393 births were analysed by gestational age and subtypes.RESULTS: Total number of CP cases in the period was 1165. The overall prevalence of CP decreased significantly from 2.1 in 1999-2001 to 1.8 in 2005-2007 per 1000 livebirths (p = 0.022). The decline was only significant for children born at term (p = 0.007) but not for the preterm (p = 0.44). The decline in children born at term was based on a decrease in bilateral spastic CP (n = 117 in years 1999-2001 and n = 59 in 2005-2007). Multidisciplinary obstetric skills training with neonatal resuscitation in Denmark was initiated in 2003 and timely associated with the decrease. The prevalence of unilateral spastic CP the prevalence did not change, but in the two last time periods more children had a right-sided than left-sided unilateral spastic CP.CONCLUSION: The decline in rate of CP seen in 2005-2007 as compared to 1999-2001 was mainly based on fewer cases of severe spastic CP in term infants. We hypothesize that improved neonatal resuscitation in the delivery room may be partly responsible for the decrease. In premature children the decline was not significant in this time period, but has been dramatically decreasing in the years before the time period here analysed.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.08.010

DO - 10.1016/j.ejpn.2018.08.010

M3 - Journal article

VL - 23

SP - 94

EP - 101

JO - European Journal of Paediatric Neurology

JF - European Journal of Paediatric Neurology

SN - 1090-3798

ER -

ID: 55739047