Cryptorchidism: classification, prevalence and long-term consequences

Helena E Virtanen, Robert Bjerknes, Dina Cortes, Niels Jørgensen, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts, Arni V Thorsson, Jørgen Thorup, Katharina M Main

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

UNLABELLED: Undescended testis is a common finding in boys, and the majority of cases have no discernible aetiology. There are unexplained geographical differences and temporal trends in its prevalence. Cryptorchidism, especially bilateral, is associated with impaired spermatogenesis and endocrine function and increases the risk of testicular cancer. There is an urgent need to identify factors that adversely affect testicular development and optimize treatment.

CONCLUSION: Cryptorchidism may reflect a primary testicular maldevelopment with long-term consequences.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa paediatrica
Volume96
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)611-6
Number of pages6
ISSN0803-5253
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Child
  • Comorbidity
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Semen
  • Testicular Neoplasms

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