Cross-sectional associations between the five factor personality traits and leisure-time sitting-time: the effect of general self-efficacy

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Leisure-time sitting-time (LTST) is seen as a possible independent risk-factor for physical and mental health, but research on psychological determinants is sparse. Associations between sitting-time and the personality dimensions of neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, and the role of general self-efficacy (GSE) were investigated. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Denmark, in 2006-08. Men and women (N = 3471) aged 18 to 69, were randomly sampled in the suburbs of Copenhagen. The NEO Five-Factor Inventory, the General Self-Efficacy-Scale, and the Physical Activity Scale 2 were used. Results: Negative associations were found between LTST and extroversion, conscientiousness, and openness, while neuroticism showed a positive association (R2 = .13). The associations with agreeableness became significantly positive, when GSE was included. All 5 associations were mediated by GSE, with mediation proportions between 23%-60%; but with modest effect sizes. Conclusions: These cross-sectional results indicate that personality traits and GSE could be considered as associates of LTST; but future longitudinal data are necessary to make causal statements and rule out alternative models fitting data.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of physical activity & health
Volume10
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)572-80
Number of pages9
ISSN1543-3080
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Denmark
  • Extraversion (Psychology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychological Tests
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Self Efficacy
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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