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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Costs of electronic health vs. standard care management of inflammatory bowel disease across three years of follow-up-a Danish register-based study

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  1. The clinical course of Crohn's disease in a Danish population-based inception cohort with more than 50 years of follow-up, 1962-2017

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  2. Correction to: The LUCID study: living with ulcerative colitis; identifying the socioeconomic burden in Europe

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  3. The LUCID study: living with ulcerative colitis; identifying the socioeconomic burden in Europe

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  4. Assessing aCCess to Investigations in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (ACCID): results from an international survey

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BACKGROUND: Costs of using eHealth in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management has only been assessed for short follow-up periods. The primary aim was to compare the direct costs of eHealth (cases) relative to standard care (matched controls) for IBD during three years of follow-up.

METHODS: The study design was a retrospective, registry-based follow-up study of patients diagnosed with IBD two years prior, and three years subsequent, to their enrolment in eHealth. Cases were matched 1:4 with controls receiving standard care based on diagnosis, gender, biologics (yes/no) and age (+/- 5 years).

RESULTS: We identified 116 cases (76 (66%) with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 40 (34%) with Crohn's disease (CD)) and matched them with 433 controls. IBD-related outpatient costs were only significantly higher for cases in the year of their inclusion in eHealth (€2,949 vs. €1,621 per patient, p =.01). Mean IBD-related admission costs tended to fall after enrolment in eHealth, with mean admission costs per patient at year 3 of follow-up of €74 for cases and €383 for controls (p = .02). Linear extrapolation of the reduction in costs beyond year 3 after enrolment in eHealth revealed that eHealth would be cost neutral or saving, relative to standard care, from year 4.

CONCLUSION: IBD-related outpatient costs in both groups were similar and only significantly higher for cases in the year of their enrolment in eHealth, with admission costs typically falling after a patient's inclusion in eHealth. Estimation revealed eHealth to be cost neutral or saving from year 4.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume56
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)520-529
Number of pages10
ISSN0036-5521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

    Research areas

  • costs, eHealth, faecal calprotectin, Inflammatory bowel disease

ID: 64352685