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Correlates of Pancreatic Enzyme Replacement Therapy Intake in Adults with Cystic Fibrosis: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study

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DOI

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Most people with cystic fibrosis (pwCF) develop pancreatic insufficiency and are treated with pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT). We aimed to describe the use of PERT and assess the correlates of PERT dose in adult pwCF. In a cross-sectional study at the Copenhagen CF Centre, the participants reported PERT intake, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and the use of concomitant treatments. Demographic and clinical characteristics were extracted from the Danish CF Registry. We used linear regression to assess the correlates of PERT dose per kg bodyweight (U-lipase/kg). We included 120 pwCF with a median age of 32.9 years, 46% women and 72% F508delta homozygote. The PERT dose ranged from 0 to 6160 U-lipase/kg per main meal (mean 1828; SD 1115). The PERT dose was associated with participants’ sex (men vs. women: 661; 95% CI: 302; 1020 U-lipase/kg), age (−16; 95% CI: −31; −1 U-lipase/kg per year) and weight (−45; 95% CI: −58; −31 U-lipase/kg per kg). Having less frequent constipation and being lung transplanted were also associated with a higher PERT dose. A third of participants did not take PERT for snacks, and this was associated with the frequency of diarrhoea. These findings indicate that PERT intake may be improved to reduce GI symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1330
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number7
ISSN2072-6643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Cystic fibrosis, Gastrointestinal symptoms, Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, Pancreatic insufficiency, Cystic Fibrosis/complications, Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency/complications, Cross-Sectional Studies, Pancreatic Hormones, Humans, Male, Gastrointestinal Diseases/drug therapy, Lipase, Adult, Female, Enzyme Replacement Therapy/methods, pancreatic insufficiency, cystic fibrosis, pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, gastrointestinal symptoms

ID: 77811185