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Coronary artery calcium score and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide as potential gatekeepers for myocardial perfusion imaging

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Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) holds an important place as non-invasive risk assessment in patients with intermediate risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, as much as 60-70% of MPI scans are normal. This study evaluates the role of coronary artery calcium scoring (CAC score) and NT-proBNP as potential gatekeepers for MPI. Patients with intermediate risk of CHD referred for standard MPI were included. CAC score and NT-proBNP were both assessed at the day of the stress study. Sensitivity, specificity and NPV for prediction of abnormal MPI scans were calculated for CAC, NT-proBNP and the combination hereof. A total of 190 patients were included (mean age 61 ± 12 years, 55% female) of whom 24% had known CHD. In all 30% of the scans were abnormal. CAC score achieved the highest AUC regardless of whether patients with known CHD were included or not [AUC 0·75 95% CI (0·66-0·84) and AUC 0·79 (0·68-0·91)]. As a singular variable, CAC score was the most potent predictor with a sensitivity of 85%, specificity of 39% and NPV 88%. The combination of CAC score<10 and NT-proBNP>26 reached a sensitivity of 98% and NPV 94%, where 8% of scans tentatively could be avoided. In patients referred for MPI with intermediate risk for CHD, a combination of CAC score and NT-proBNP could be used to identify a group of patients where MPI could be averted with a high degree of diagnostic safety.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Volume37
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)710-716
Number of pages7
ISSN1475-0961
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ID: 49716075