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Contralateral deep vein thrombosis after stenting across the iliocaval confluence in chronic venous disease - A systematic review

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  • Luis Duarte-Gamas
  • João P Rocha-Neves
  • António Pereira-Neves
  • Marina Dias-Neto
  • Niels Baekgaard
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Objective: Stenting of the iliac veins is increasingly considered in the presence of symptomatic obstructive chronic lesions in the iliac vein segment. However, it is often necessary to extend the stented zone into the inferior vena cava, increasing the risk of contralateral iliac vein thrombosis. This study aims to review the current literature concerning the incidence of contralateral deep vein thrombosis after stenting across the iliocaval confluence. Methods: A systematic review from potentially relevant published articles reporting contralateral deep vein thrombosis after iliac venous stenting between January 2007 and February 2019 was performed. Results: A total of 764 references were retrieved initially. Twelve studies reporting events of contralateral deep vein thrombosis were selected for review, with a total of 1864 patients. Contralateral deep vein thrombosis incidence varied between 0% and 15.6%. The post-interventional and follow-up anticoagulation regimens were heterogeneous between studies. The decision to maintain patients on anticoagulation and the duration of treatment was based on the presence of comorbidities, hypercoagulable states, post-thrombotic syndrome and history of recurrent deep vein thrombosis. Patients with non-thrombotic iliac vein lesions were either anticoagulated for three or six months after stenting or received no anticoagulation. Patients with post-thrombotic syndrome were anticoagulated for longer periods. Most studies (eight studies) used an oral vitamin K antagonist agent. The data on compliance with anticoagulation treatment is scarce and few references present data on whether contralateral deep vein thrombosis occurred during anticoagulation treatment. The use of antiplatelet agents in addition to the anticoagulant treatment in the follow-up period was also variable. Conclusion: The incidence of contralateral deep vein thrombosis due to iliac vein jailing is not negligible and reported being as high as 15.6%. Large-scale studies on the ideal antithrombotic treatment and its impact are necessary. It is possible that patients with stent crossing the iliocaval confluence might benefit from long-term antithrombotic treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhlebology
Volume35
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
ISSN1433-3031
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

    Research areas

  • Iliac veins, chronic venous disease, complications, contralateral deep vein thrombosis, postoperative, stent

ID: 59373125