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Computer tomography guided lung biopsy using interactive breath-hold control: a randomized study

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BACKGROUND: Interactive breath-hold control (IBC) may improve the accuracy and decrease the complication rate of computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy, but this presumption has not been proven in a randomized study.

METHODS: Patients admitted for CT-guided lung biopsy were randomized to biopsy either with (N=201) or without (N=206) IBC. Biopsy accuracy, procedure time, radiation, and complications were compared in the two groups. Predictors for pneumothorax were analyzed.

RESULTS: Procedures performed with the use of IBC (N=130) did not show higher biopsy accuracy (P=0.979) but were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax (P=0.022) compared to procedures without the use of IBC (N=171). Overall, 50% of the biopsies were malignant, 13% were benign, and 33% were inconclusive (4% missing). Long needle time (P=0.037) and small nodule size (P=0.001) were predictors of pneumothorax.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of IBC for CT-guided lung biopsy was not an advantage for unselected patients in our care, since it did not improve the biopsy accuracy and the risk of pneumothorax was increased.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Translational Medicine
Volume5
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)253
ISSN2305-5839
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 51564668