Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation for patients following infective endocarditis: results of the randomized CopenHeartIE trial

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{870978157687426385e9b0c85ee88f07,
title = "Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation for patients following infective endocarditis: results of the randomized CopenHeartIE trial",
abstract = "AIMS: Infective endocarditis is a complex and highly mortal disease requiring lengthy treatment. Physical and mental deconditioning is common. Nonetheless, rehabilitation is virtually unexplored in this population. The aim of this trial was therefore to investigate the effects of cardiac rehabilitation in patients following endocarditis.METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized trial, adults with left-sided or cardiac device endocarditis were randomized 1:1 to 12 weeks of physical exercise training and five psycho-educational consultations (cardiac rehabilitation) vs. usual care without rehabilitation (control). Primary outcome was mental health measured by SF-36 Mental Component Summary (MCS) at 6 months. Secondary outcome was physical capacity measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2) at 4 months. Exploratory outcomes were investigated. Low inclusion rate resulted in trial termination before reaching the target sample size. A total of 117 participants (mean age: 60 years, 81% male) were randomized to cardiac rehabilitation (n = 58) or to control (n = 59). Mental health and physical capacity at baseline were generally poor (MCS: 38.9-42.2 points, VO2 peak: 16.1-16.6 mL/kg/min). Cardiac rehabilitation compared with control showed no effect on mental health (MCS: 44.6 points vs. 48.8 points, P = 0.41) or physical capacity (VO2 peak: 19.9 mL/kg/min vs. 18.0 mL/kg/min, P = 0.09). Effects favouring the intervention were identified in exploratory outcomes including general fatigue (P = 0.005), and physical capacity as maximal power (W) (P = 0.005). Adherence to the intervention was 28%.CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate no effect of cardiac rehabilitation in patients following endocarditis; however, lack of statistical power and poor adherence render findings inconclusive. Valuable insight into patients' capabilities and safety was gained, and further investigations into rehabilitation needs and modes of delivery in this high-need population should be a future priority.",
author = "Rasmussen, {Trine Bernholdt} and Ann-Dorthe Zwisler and Risom, {Signe Stelling} and Sibilitz, {Kirstine L{\ae}rum} and Jan Christensen and Henning Bundgaard and Philip Moons and Thygesen, {Lau Caspar} and Jane Lindschou and Norekv{\aa}l, {Tone Merete} and Berg, {Selina Kikkenborg}",
note = "Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. {\textcopyright} The Author(s) 2021. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
day = "5",
doi = "10.1093/eurjcn/zvab047",
language = "English",
journal = "European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing",
issn = "1474-5151",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation for patients following infective endocarditis

T2 - results of the randomized CopenHeartIE trial

AU - Rasmussen, Trine Bernholdt

AU - Zwisler, Ann-Dorthe

AU - Risom, Signe Stelling

AU - Sibilitz, Kirstine Lærum

AU - Christensen, Jan

AU - Bundgaard, Henning

AU - Moons, Philip

AU - Thygesen, Lau Caspar

AU - Lindschou, Jane

AU - Norekvål, Tone Merete

AU - Berg, Selina Kikkenborg

N1 - Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author(s) 2021. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2021/6/5

Y1 - 2021/6/5

N2 - AIMS: Infective endocarditis is a complex and highly mortal disease requiring lengthy treatment. Physical and mental deconditioning is common. Nonetheless, rehabilitation is virtually unexplored in this population. The aim of this trial was therefore to investigate the effects of cardiac rehabilitation in patients following endocarditis.METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized trial, adults with left-sided or cardiac device endocarditis were randomized 1:1 to 12 weeks of physical exercise training and five psycho-educational consultations (cardiac rehabilitation) vs. usual care without rehabilitation (control). Primary outcome was mental health measured by SF-36 Mental Component Summary (MCS) at 6 months. Secondary outcome was physical capacity measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2) at 4 months. Exploratory outcomes were investigated. Low inclusion rate resulted in trial termination before reaching the target sample size. A total of 117 participants (mean age: 60 years, 81% male) were randomized to cardiac rehabilitation (n = 58) or to control (n = 59). Mental health and physical capacity at baseline were generally poor (MCS: 38.9-42.2 points, VO2 peak: 16.1-16.6 mL/kg/min). Cardiac rehabilitation compared with control showed no effect on mental health (MCS: 44.6 points vs. 48.8 points, P = 0.41) or physical capacity (VO2 peak: 19.9 mL/kg/min vs. 18.0 mL/kg/min, P = 0.09). Effects favouring the intervention were identified in exploratory outcomes including general fatigue (P = 0.005), and physical capacity as maximal power (W) (P = 0.005). Adherence to the intervention was 28%.CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate no effect of cardiac rehabilitation in patients following endocarditis; however, lack of statistical power and poor adherence render findings inconclusive. Valuable insight into patients' capabilities and safety was gained, and further investigations into rehabilitation needs and modes of delivery in this high-need population should be a future priority.

AB - AIMS: Infective endocarditis is a complex and highly mortal disease requiring lengthy treatment. Physical and mental deconditioning is common. Nonetheless, rehabilitation is virtually unexplored in this population. The aim of this trial was therefore to investigate the effects of cardiac rehabilitation in patients following endocarditis.METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized trial, adults with left-sided or cardiac device endocarditis were randomized 1:1 to 12 weeks of physical exercise training and five psycho-educational consultations (cardiac rehabilitation) vs. usual care without rehabilitation (control). Primary outcome was mental health measured by SF-36 Mental Component Summary (MCS) at 6 months. Secondary outcome was physical capacity measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2) at 4 months. Exploratory outcomes were investigated. Low inclusion rate resulted in trial termination before reaching the target sample size. A total of 117 participants (mean age: 60 years, 81% male) were randomized to cardiac rehabilitation (n = 58) or to control (n = 59). Mental health and physical capacity at baseline were generally poor (MCS: 38.9-42.2 points, VO2 peak: 16.1-16.6 mL/kg/min). Cardiac rehabilitation compared with control showed no effect on mental health (MCS: 44.6 points vs. 48.8 points, P = 0.41) or physical capacity (VO2 peak: 19.9 mL/kg/min vs. 18.0 mL/kg/min, P = 0.09). Effects favouring the intervention were identified in exploratory outcomes including general fatigue (P = 0.005), and physical capacity as maximal power (W) (P = 0.005). Adherence to the intervention was 28%.CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate no effect of cardiac rehabilitation in patients following endocarditis; however, lack of statistical power and poor adherence render findings inconclusive. Valuable insight into patients' capabilities and safety was gained, and further investigations into rehabilitation needs and modes of delivery in this high-need population should be a future priority.

U2 - 10.1093/eurjcn/zvab047

DO - 10.1093/eurjcn/zvab047

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34089600

JO - European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

JF - European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

SN - 1474-5151

ER -

ID: 67053938