PURPOSE: To compare two strategies: Prostate-specific antigen density (PSAd) and lesion volume measurement in ruling out significant prostate cancer (sPCa) in men with equivocal Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) category 3 index lesions on biparametric magnetic resonance imaging.
METHODS: In total, 130 men from our database had index lesions with PI-RADS scores of 3. Prostate volume was measured using the ellipsoid method, in accordance with PI-RADS version 2.1 criteria. Index lesion volumes were also measured using the ellipsoidal formula on the diffusion-weighted imaging sequence with the highest b-value and sagittal T2 sequences.
RESULTS: Among 130 men with PI-RADS category 3 index lesions, 23 (18%) had sPCa. In total, 6 of the 89 men with PSAd < 0.15 ng/mL2 (7%) had sPCa, whereas 8 of the 49 men with index lesion volumes < 0.5 mL (16%) had sPCa. The difference was statistically significant (McNemar, p < 0.0001).
CONCLUSION: The PSAd strategy performed better than the lesion volume strategy in ruling out sPCa in men with equivocal PI-RADS category 3 index lesions.
- Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Image-Guided Biopsy/methods
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
- Prostate-Specific Antigen
- Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
- Retrospective Studies