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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Cognitive Impairments and Subjective Cognitive Complaints in Fabry Disease: A Nationwide Study and Review of the Literature

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Fabry disease is a rare progressive X-linked lysosomal storage disorder which leads to neuropathic pain, organ dysfunction and cerebral pathology. Few studies have investigated cognitive impairment in Fabry disease and these previous studies are difficult to compare due to heterogeneous methodological designs and small cohorts. The objective was to investigate the frequency of cognitive impairment in the Danish nationwide cohort of Fabry patients. Further, we examined if subjective cognitive complaints were associated with objective cognitive performances in this patient group. Neuropsychological tests (17 measures) and evaluation of subjective complaints with the Perceived Deficits Questionnaire (PDQ) were applied in 41 of 63 patients. According to an a priori definition, 12 patients (29.3%) were cognitively impaired. Tests tapping psychomotor speed, attention and executive functions had the highest frequency of impairment. In general, disease related variables as Mainz Severity Score Index, enzyme activity and years since onset and depression did not have a significant impact on the categorisation of patients as being cognitively impaired or non-impaired. Thus, cognitive impairment in Fabry disease does not seem to occur solely by having symptoms for many years or by having high disease burden. However, impaired neuropsychological test results were significantly more common in patients with cerebrovascular disease. Only three patients had scores in the abnormal range of the PDQ scale and subjective perceptions of cognition were not associated with cognitive performances. The levels of subjective cognitive complaints were generally very low in the studied patients demonstrating that the absence of subjective cognitive complaints does not exclude the presence of objective cognitive problems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJIMD Reports
Volume41
Pages (from-to)73-80
ISSN2192-8304
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 53788797