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Cognitive function in adults with enduring anorexia nervosa

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Seidel, M, Brooker, H, Lauenborg, K, Wesnes, K & Sjögren, M 2021, 'Cognitive function in adults with enduring anorexia nervosa', Nutrients, vol. 13, no. 3, 859, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030859

APA

Seidel, M., Brooker, H., Lauenborg, K., Wesnes, K., & Sjögren, M. (2021). Cognitive function in adults with enduring anorexia nervosa. Nutrients, 13(3), 1-11. [859]. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030859

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MLA

Vancouver

Author

Seidel, Maria ; Brooker, Helen ; Lauenborg, Kamilla ; Wesnes, Keith ; Sjögren, Magnus. / Cognitive function in adults with enduring anorexia nervosa. In: Nutrients. 2021 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 1-11.

Bibtex

@article{3c69457557cc48dfb853469ca2c48f0c,
title = "Cognitive function in adults with enduring anorexia nervosa",
abstract = "Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a severe and often enduring disorder characterized by restriction of food intake, low body weight, fear of weight gain, and distorted body image. Investiga-tions on cognition performance in AN patients have yielded conflicting results. Using an established and sensitive computerized cognitive test battery, we aimed to assess core aspects of cognitive func-tion, including attention span, information processing, reasoning, working and episodic memory, in AN patients and controls. Patients were recruited from the Danish Prospective Longitudinal all-comer inclusion study in Eating Disorders (PROLED). Included were 26 individuals with AN and 36 healthy volunteers (HV). All were tested with CogTrack (an online cognitive assessment system) at baseline, and AN patients were tested again at a follow‐up time point after weight increase (n = 13). At baseline, AN patients showed faster reaction times in the attention tasks, as well as increased accuracy in grammatical reasoning compared to HV. There were no differences in cognitive function between AN patients and HV in the other cognitive domains measured (sustained attention, working and episodic memory, speed of retrieval, and speed of grammatical reasoning). No differences were visible in the AN sample between baseline and follow‐up. Performance did not correlate with any clinical variables in the AN sample. These findings supplement results from other studies suggesting increased concentration and reasoning accuracy in patients suffering from AN, who showed increased performance in cognitive tasks despite their illness.",
keywords = "Anorexia nervosa, Cognitive functioning, Cognitive performance, Eating disorders, Neu-ropsychology, Prospective Studies, Humans, Attention, Male, Reaction Time, Cognition, Neuropsychological Tests, Denmark, Adult, Female, Weight Gain, Longitudinal Studies, Anorexia Nervosa/physiopathology, neuropsychology, cognitive functioning, eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, cognitive performance",
author = "Maria Seidel and Helen Brooker and Kamilla Lauenborg and Keith Wesnes and Magnus Sj{\"o}gren",
note = "Funding Information: The authors thank the Psychiatric Center Ballerup, especially departments 3 and 14 and the Daycare unit. In addition, we are grateful for the support of PROLED by the Capitol Region of Denmark, Psychiatry. We are grateful to the late Wesnes, who supplied CogTrack at no cost. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
doi = "10.3390/nu13030859",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cognitive function in adults with enduring anorexia nervosa

AU - Seidel, Maria

AU - Brooker, Helen

AU - Lauenborg, Kamilla

AU - Wesnes, Keith

AU - Sjögren, Magnus

N1 - Funding Information: The authors thank the Psychiatric Center Ballerup, especially departments 3 and 14 and the Daycare unit. In addition, we are grateful for the support of PROLED by the Capitol Region of Denmark, Psychiatry. We are grateful to the late Wesnes, who supplied CogTrack at no cost. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a severe and often enduring disorder characterized by restriction of food intake, low body weight, fear of weight gain, and distorted body image. Investiga-tions on cognition performance in AN patients have yielded conflicting results. Using an established and sensitive computerized cognitive test battery, we aimed to assess core aspects of cognitive func-tion, including attention span, information processing, reasoning, working and episodic memory, in AN patients and controls. Patients were recruited from the Danish Prospective Longitudinal all-comer inclusion study in Eating Disorders (PROLED). Included were 26 individuals with AN and 36 healthy volunteers (HV). All were tested with CogTrack (an online cognitive assessment system) at baseline, and AN patients were tested again at a follow‐up time point after weight increase (n = 13). At baseline, AN patients showed faster reaction times in the attention tasks, as well as increased accuracy in grammatical reasoning compared to HV. There were no differences in cognitive function between AN patients and HV in the other cognitive domains measured (sustained attention, working and episodic memory, speed of retrieval, and speed of grammatical reasoning). No differences were visible in the AN sample between baseline and follow‐up. Performance did not correlate with any clinical variables in the AN sample. These findings supplement results from other studies suggesting increased concentration and reasoning accuracy in patients suffering from AN, who showed increased performance in cognitive tasks despite their illness.

AB - Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a severe and often enduring disorder characterized by restriction of food intake, low body weight, fear of weight gain, and distorted body image. Investiga-tions on cognition performance in AN patients have yielded conflicting results. Using an established and sensitive computerized cognitive test battery, we aimed to assess core aspects of cognitive func-tion, including attention span, information processing, reasoning, working and episodic memory, in AN patients and controls. Patients were recruited from the Danish Prospective Longitudinal all-comer inclusion study in Eating Disorders (PROLED). Included were 26 individuals with AN and 36 healthy volunteers (HV). All were tested with CogTrack (an online cognitive assessment system) at baseline, and AN patients were tested again at a follow‐up time point after weight increase (n = 13). At baseline, AN patients showed faster reaction times in the attention tasks, as well as increased accuracy in grammatical reasoning compared to HV. There were no differences in cognitive function between AN patients and HV in the other cognitive domains measured (sustained attention, working and episodic memory, speed of retrieval, and speed of grammatical reasoning). No differences were visible in the AN sample between baseline and follow‐up. Performance did not correlate with any clinical variables in the AN sample. These findings supplement results from other studies suggesting increased concentration and reasoning accuracy in patients suffering from AN, who showed increased performance in cognitive tasks despite their illness.

KW - Anorexia nervosa

KW - Cognitive functioning

KW - Cognitive performance

KW - Eating disorders

KW - Neu-ropsychology

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Attention

KW - Male

KW - Reaction Time

KW - Cognition

KW - Neuropsychological Tests

KW - Denmark

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Weight Gain

KW - Longitudinal Studies

KW - Anorexia Nervosa/physiopathology

KW - neuropsychology

KW - cognitive functioning

KW - eating disorders

KW - anorexia nervosa

KW - cognitive performance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85101978654&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/nu13030859

DO - 10.3390/nu13030859

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33808018

AN - SCOPUS:85101978654

VL - 13

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 3

M1 - 859

ER -

ID: 65656890