BACKGROUND: Perioperative hemorrhage may depend on coagulation competence and this study evaluated the influence of coagulation competence on blood loss during cystectomy due to bladder cancer.
METHODS: Forty patients undergoing radical cystectomy were included in a randomized controlled trial to receive either lactated Ringer's solution or Dextran 70 (Macrodex ®) that affects coagulation competence.
RESULTS: By thrombelastography evaluated coagulation competence, Dextran 70 reduced "maximal amplitude" (MA) by 25 % versus a 1 % reduction with the administration of lactated Ringer's solution (P <0.001). Blinded evaluation of the blood loss was similar in the two groups of patients - 2339 ml with the use of Dextran 70 and 1822 ml in the lactated Ringer's group (P = 0.27). Yet, the blood loss was related to the reduction in MA (r = -0.427, P = 0.008) and by multiple regression analysis independently associated with MA (P = 0.01). Thus, 11 patients in the dextran group (58 %) developed a clinical significant blood loss (>1500 ml) compared to only four patients (22 %) in the lactated Ringer's group (P = 0.04).
CONCLUSIONS: With the use of Dextran 70 vs. lactated Ringer's solution during cystectomy, a relation between hemorrhage and coagulation competence is demonstrated. Significant bleeding develops based on an about 25 % reduction in thrombelastography determined maximal amplitude. A multivariable model including maximal amplitude discriminates patients with severe perioperative bleeding during cystectomy.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was accepted on January 7(th), 2013 at www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu EudraCT 2012-005040-20 .
|Journal||B M C Anesthesiology|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|