Introduction Research in development of new migraine therapeutics is hindered by the lack of suitable, predictive animal models. Cilostazol provokes headache in healthy humans and migraineurs by increasing intracellular cAMP levels. We aimed to investigate whether cilostazol could provoke headache-like behaviours and c-fos expression in rats. In order to evaluate the predictive validity of the model, we examined the response to the migraine specific drug sumatriptan. Methods The effect of cilostazol (125 mg/kg p.o.) in female Sprague Dawley rats was evaluated on a range of spontaneous behavioural parameters, light sensitivity and mechanical sensitivity thresholds. We also measured c-fos expression in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis. Results Cilostazol increased light sensitivity and grooming behaviour. These manifestations were not inhibited by sumatriptan. Cilostazol also induced c-fos expression in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis. Furthermore, trigeminal - but not hind paw hyperalgesia was observed. Conclusion The altered behaviours are suggestive of cilostazol induced headache with migraine-like features, but not specific. The presence of head specific hyperalgesia and the c-fos response in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis imply that the model involves trigeminal nociception. The model will be useful for studying mechanisms related to the cAMP pathway in headache, but its predictive properties appear to be more limited due to the lack of response to sumatriptan.
|Journal||Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
- Journal Article