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Children of Patients Undergoing Psychiatric Treatment: An Investigation of Statutory Support Services After Referrals to Child Protection Services

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@article{95a5bfa86a1d4588ba7e37c0703de898,
title = "Children of Patients Undergoing Psychiatric Treatment: An Investigation of Statutory Support Services After Referrals to Child Protection Services",
abstract = "Aims: Preventive interventions for children of parents with mental illness are widely recommended. Mental health services entrust concern for patients' children by referrals to child protection services. We investigated service coverage for children following referrals.Methods: Data from referrals regarding 376 children of adult psychiatry patients over 2008-2012 was linked to information from municipal records and Danish national registers. We conducted Cox regression and used Kaplan-Meier curves to show time to intervention and cumulative incidence of any child and family support services with one-year follow-up from referral date.Results: At follow-up, 32% of children were provided with a child and family support service on average 73.4 days after referral. The most common services were family treatment (18%) and family counseling (11%). A statutory child assessment was conducted for 21% of children. Contents of the referrals suggested that 60% of children experienced adverse home environments and/or acute situations due to parents' psychiatric illness. Predictors of initiation of support services included a child living alone with the patient, hazard ratio 2.09 (1.41-3.08), the patient being the mother, hazard ratio 1.72 (1.11-2.65), and an adverse home environment presenting an acute situation specified in referral, hazard ratio 1.89 (1.01-3.51).Conclusion: Our finding that only one third of children receive support after referrals from psychiatry within an average of three months suggests an underserved population of at-risk children. These findings warrant reconsideration of resource allocation and creation of more efficient intervention strategies to protect at-risk children and prevent development of mental illness and adversity.",
keywords = "child protection, early intervention, parental psychiatric disorders, psychiatry, statutory intervention",
author = "Anne Ranning and Carsten Hjorth{\o}j and Jensen, {Kamilla B} and Ebsen, {Frank Cloyd} and Svendsen, {Idamarie Leth} and Thorup, {Anne Amalie Elgaard} and Merete Nordentoft",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Ranning, Hjorth{\o}j, Jensen, Ebsen, Svendsen, Thorup and Nordentoft.",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
day = "19",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00527",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychiatry",
issn = "1664-0640",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Children of Patients Undergoing Psychiatric Treatment

T2 - An Investigation of Statutory Support Services After Referrals to Child Protection Services

AU - Ranning, Anne

AU - Hjorthøj, Carsten

AU - Jensen, Kamilla B

AU - Ebsen, Frank Cloyd

AU - Svendsen, Idamarie Leth

AU - Thorup, Anne Amalie Elgaard

AU - Nordentoft, Merete

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Ranning, Hjorthøj, Jensen, Ebsen, Svendsen, Thorup and Nordentoft.

PY - 2020/6/19

Y1 - 2020/6/19

N2 - Aims: Preventive interventions for children of parents with mental illness are widely recommended. Mental health services entrust concern for patients' children by referrals to child protection services. We investigated service coverage for children following referrals.Methods: Data from referrals regarding 376 children of adult psychiatry patients over 2008-2012 was linked to information from municipal records and Danish national registers. We conducted Cox regression and used Kaplan-Meier curves to show time to intervention and cumulative incidence of any child and family support services with one-year follow-up from referral date.Results: At follow-up, 32% of children were provided with a child and family support service on average 73.4 days after referral. The most common services were family treatment (18%) and family counseling (11%). A statutory child assessment was conducted for 21% of children. Contents of the referrals suggested that 60% of children experienced adverse home environments and/or acute situations due to parents' psychiatric illness. Predictors of initiation of support services included a child living alone with the patient, hazard ratio 2.09 (1.41-3.08), the patient being the mother, hazard ratio 1.72 (1.11-2.65), and an adverse home environment presenting an acute situation specified in referral, hazard ratio 1.89 (1.01-3.51).Conclusion: Our finding that only one third of children receive support after referrals from psychiatry within an average of three months suggests an underserved population of at-risk children. These findings warrant reconsideration of resource allocation and creation of more efficient intervention strategies to protect at-risk children and prevent development of mental illness and adversity.

AB - Aims: Preventive interventions for children of parents with mental illness are widely recommended. Mental health services entrust concern for patients' children by referrals to child protection services. We investigated service coverage for children following referrals.Methods: Data from referrals regarding 376 children of adult psychiatry patients over 2008-2012 was linked to information from municipal records and Danish national registers. We conducted Cox regression and used Kaplan-Meier curves to show time to intervention and cumulative incidence of any child and family support services with one-year follow-up from referral date.Results: At follow-up, 32% of children were provided with a child and family support service on average 73.4 days after referral. The most common services were family treatment (18%) and family counseling (11%). A statutory child assessment was conducted for 21% of children. Contents of the referrals suggested that 60% of children experienced adverse home environments and/or acute situations due to parents' psychiatric illness. Predictors of initiation of support services included a child living alone with the patient, hazard ratio 2.09 (1.41-3.08), the patient being the mother, hazard ratio 1.72 (1.11-2.65), and an adverse home environment presenting an acute situation specified in referral, hazard ratio 1.89 (1.01-3.51).Conclusion: Our finding that only one third of children receive support after referrals from psychiatry within an average of three months suggests an underserved population of at-risk children. These findings warrant reconsideration of resource allocation and creation of more efficient intervention strategies to protect at-risk children and prevent development of mental illness and adversity.

KW - child protection

KW - early intervention

KW - parental psychiatric disorders

KW - psychiatry

KW - statutory intervention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087449675&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00527

DO - 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00527

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32636766

VL - 11

JO - Frontiers in Psychiatry

JF - Frontiers in Psychiatry

SN - 1664-0640

M1 - 527

ER -

ID: 60972478