Childhood asthma is associated with development of type 1 diabetes and inflammatory bowel diseases: a Danish nationwide registry study

Abstract

Asthma and autoimmune disorders might be affected by opposing immune mechanisms, T helper cells type 2 (Th2) and T helper cells type 1 (Th1) immunity, respectively. Knowledge on comorbidity can increase understanding of the underlying etiologies. We aim to examine the association between childhood asthma and subsequent risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) in Danish children. Children of Danish origin born during 1991-1996 were included and childhood asthma, defined as a minimum of two collected prescriptions of inhalation corticosteroids age 5-7 years, was linked to hospitalisations with either T1D or IBD after age 8. Associations between childhood asthma and incidence of T1D and IBD were analysed using sex- and year stratified Cox regression. A total of 366,200 children were included in the study, 4.9% had asthma, which increased the risk of both T1D and IBD, hazard ratios of 1.32 (1.08-1.61) and 1.27 (1.09-1.48). In this large nationwide Danish study, we found that children with asthma have increased risk of developing immune diseases T1D and IBD. This contradicts the Th1 vs Th2 paradigm and points towards shared disease mechanisms and risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21728
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)21728
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Child
  • Humans
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications
  • Asthma/epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Registries
  • Denmark/epidemiology

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