Liver transplant recipients receive immunosuppressive treatment to avoid organ rejection, increasing the risk of developing de novo cancer after transplantation. We investigated the cumulative incidence of de novo cancer in a cohort of Danish liver transplant recipients. The study was a retrospective cohort study of adult liver transplant recipients transplanted at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark, between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2019. De novo cancer was defined as cancer arising at least 30 days after liver transplantation, excluding relapses from prior cancers and donor-derived cancers. We determined the incidence of de novo cancer in the cohort using the Aalen-Johansen estimator, with death and retransplantation as competing risks. We included 389 liver transplant recipients and identified 47 recipients (12%) with de novo cancer after liver transplantation, including 25 recipients with non-melanoma skin cancers. The cumulative incidences at 5 years after liver transplantation for all cancers and non-skin cancers were 10.7% and 4.9%, respectively. De novo cancer after liver transplantation is relatively common, with the majority being non-melanoma skin cancer. Future studies of sufficient size are needed to identify risk factors for de novo cancer after liver transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAPMIS - Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)135-141
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects
  • Incidence
  • Liver Transplantation/adverse effects
  • Neoplasms/epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • de novo cancer
  • immunosuppressive treatment
  • Liver transplantation


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